English adjectives in -like, and the interplay of collocation and morphology
The University of Birmingham
This paper presents a corpus-based study of English denominal adjectives in -like. Starting with semantic aspects, including the relationship between N-like and like an N, it then reports on the productivity of -like adjectives by discussing the kinds of nouns to which -like is added, along with the distributions of individual formations in the Bank of English corpus. It next draws attention to the marked collocational patterns in which -like adjectives occur. These relate both to sets of items collocating with individual -like adjectives, and to subsets of -like adjectives collocating with individual nouns. There are implications in these bidirectional collocational patterns, it is argued, for studies of productivity and lexicalization: in particular that collocational constraints may exist at the level of morpheme, not just at the level of word or phrase.
Keywords: collocation, adjectives, figurative language, patterning, morphology, productivity
In: International Journal of Corpus Linguistics 16:4. 2011 iv, 130 pp. (pp. 486–513)