Chapter 13Strategic maneuvering by personal attacks at press conferences of the Chinese Ministry of Foreign Affairs
- 2.Personal attack/ad hominem viewed from different theoretical perspectives
- 3.Institutional preconditions for strategic maneuvering by personal attack in spokespersons’ argumentative replies
- 4.Personal attacks in spokespersons’ replies
- 4.1Direct personal attacks
Attacking the person by accusation of bad character
- 4.1.2Attacking the person by accusation of bad faith
- 4.1.3Attacking the person by accusation of low intelligence
- 4.1.4Attacking the person for lacking expertise
Indirect personal attacks
- 4.2.1Attacking the person by accusation of suspicious motives
- 4.2.2Attacking the person by ascribing suspicious interests
You too personal attacks
- 4.3.1Inconsistency between someone’s words and actions
- 4.3.2Inconsistency between someone’s past and present actions
- 4.3.3Inconsistency between someone’s previous and present words
- 4.3.4Just words but no actions
- 5.Strategic maneuvering by personal attacks in making a convincing case
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