Article published in:Linguistics in the Netherlands 2019
Edited by Janine Berns and Elena Tribushinina
[Linguistics in the Netherlands 36] 2019
► pp. 67–82
Posture verbs combined with past participles in Dutch
Fixed or productive patterns?
Dutch uses cardinal posture verbs (zitten ‘to sit’, staan ‘to stand’, and liggen ‘to lie’) for all sorts of purposes, many of which have received considerable research attention – like the posture progressive, e.g. zitten te lezen ‘lit. sit to read: to be reading’. This paper investigates a posture verb pattern in which a posture verb is combined with a past participle, e.g. zitten verstopt ‘lit. sit hidden: to be hidden’. Previous analyses disagree on whether these patterns correspond to a fixed set of combinations, or to a productive schema with semantic restrictions. By examining over 6,000 attestations of the pattern, this paper evaluates these competing accounts, concluding that the data point strongly at productivity.
Keywords: posture verbs, past participles, corpus linguistics, semantics, syntactic productivity, fixedness, locational, locativity, resultativity
Published online: 05 November 2019
2019a De quotatieve sterrenhemel: Constellaties met echt, helemaal, zo en van. Paper presented at the annual Anéla/VIOT Juniorendag, 5 April, Ede. https://www.maartenbogaards.nl/presentations/2019/bogaards_2019_pres_avjd.pdf.
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2019b Sitting stuck and standing scribbled: Productivity, structure, and meaning of posture verbs combined with a complementive past participle in Dutch. MA thesis, Leiden University. https://www.maartenbogaards.nl/papers/2019/bogaards_2019_mathesis.pdf.
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