Are Dutch posture verbs lexical or functional elements?
In Dutch, posture verbs like liggen ‘lie’ and staan ‘stand’ are obligatorily
used in locative constructions with inanimate subjects, classifying the spatial Figure-Ground relation. Prima facie, in this use,
posture verbs seem more like functional elements than like lexical verbs.This paper investigates processing of Dutch posture verbs in a reference resolution task in the visual world
paradigm, to get more clarity on the nature of these verbs. We know that lexical verbs like rinkelen ‘ring’ cause
anticipatory looks towards a matching target referent like telefoon ‘telephone’; and that they suppress looks to
a phonological competitor like telescoop ‘telescope’. The functional property of grammatical gender on
determiners (de vs. het) is less robust in directing looks. When it comes to anticipating the
target referent, and suppressing looks to a phonological competitor, do posture verbs pattern with lexical verbs, or with
functional elements like grammatical gender?
- 1.Are Dutch posture verbs lexical or functional elements?
- 2.Processing properties of lexical vs. functional elements
- 3.Eye-tracking experiment comparing posture verbs to lexical verbs and grammatical gender: Method
- 4.Comparing posture verbs to lexical verbs
- 4.1Materials in the ‘verb’ conditions
- 4.2Predictions for the ‘verb’ conditions
- 4.2.1Anticipatory looks to the matched distractor
- 4.2.2Suppressing looks to the phonological cohort after target word onset
- 4.3Response data
- 4.4Eye-tracking data preprocessing and analysis
- 4.4.2Growth curve analysis
- 4.5Eye-tracking results
- 4.5.1Anticipatory looks to the matched distractor
- 4.5.2Suppressing looks to the cohort in the ‘verb’ conditions
- 5.Comparing posture verbs to grammatical gender
- 5.1Materials in the ‘gender’ conditions
- 5.2Predictions for the ‘gender’ conditions
- 5.2.1Anticipatory looks to the matched distractor
- 5.2.2Suppressing looks to the phonological cohort after target word onset
- 5.3Response data
- 5.4Eye-tracking data analysis
- 5.5.1Anticipatory looks to the matched distractor
- 5.5.2Suppressing looks to the cohort in the ‘gender’ conditions
- 6.1Could it be frequency?
- 6.2Could it be the pictures?
- 6.3Could it be time?
- Data archive
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