Chapter published in:Constructions in Contact 2: Language change, multilingual practices, and additional language acquisition
Edited by Hans C. Boas and Steffen Höder
[Constructional Approaches to Language 30] 2021
► pp. 55–80
“Ok, qui d’autre na, nobody on the line right now?”
A Diasystematic Construction Grammar approach to discourse markers in bilingual Cajun speech
Discourse markers (DMs) in bilingual speech have received much attention in language contact studies because their semantic and syntactic detachability make them easy targets for being used bilingually. Though past studies on multilingual DM usage have provided rich insights, open questions remain with regard to non-salient examples and the emergence of mixed code DMs. This paper looks at the DM system of Cajun bilinguals in Louisiana using a Diasystematic Construction Grammar approach. The analysis demonstrates that the DM systems of Cajun bilinguals are simultaneously active. Besides using DMs outside of their native languages, evidence of the congruence of the two systems is further supported by the documentation of mixed code DMs such as na, yeah mais and mais yeah.
Keywords: discourse markers, language contact, bilingualism, Diasystematic Construction Grammar, Cajun French, English
- 2.Historical background and current language contact situation
- 3.Data and methods
- 4.Overview of DM use across both languages
- 5.Signs of congruence of two DM systems in Cajun bilinguals
- 5.1The DM na and mais yeah/yeah mais
- 5.2DMs at the border of language switching
- 6.Discussion and conclusions
Published online: 03 June 2021
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