Article published in:Morphology and Meaning: Selected papers from the 15th International Morphology Meeting, Vienna, February 2012
Edited by Franz Rainer, Francesco Gardani, Hans Christian Luschützky and Wolfgang U. Dressler
[Current Issues in Linguistic Theory 327] 2014
► pp. 177–190
Discrepancy between form and meaning in word-formation
The case of over- and under-marking in French
Most word-formation theories assume that derivatives in general tend towards canonicity, i.e. one-to-one correspondence between form and meaning and thus full morphosemantic transparency. However, form-meaning mismatches actually are widespread, both in terms of languages and word-formation rules. These mainly fall into two types: over-marking and under-marking. In this paper we propose a classification of these deviations, distinguishing between a derivational and a lexical level. We illustrate this classification with examples from French and other languages (English, Italian and Dutch). We sketch a unified analysis of these deviations within a word-based framework. We propose to analyse the relative importance of canonicity and discrepancies in word formation from the perspective of the interaction between the speaker and the hearer.
Published online: 27 February 2014
Allen, Andrew S.
Dressler, Wolfgang U.
2011 “Une analyse unifiée de la préfixation en anti-”. Roché, Boyé, Hathout, Lignon & Plénat, eds. 2011, 251–318.
Levinson, Steven C.
Lindsay, Mark & Mark Aronoff
Piantadosi, Steven, Harry Tily & Edward Gibson
Plénat, Marc & Michel Roché
Prince, Alan & Paul Smolensky
2011a “Quel traitement unifié pour les dérivations en isme et en iste”. Roché, Boyé, Hathout, Lignon & Plénat, eds. 2011, 69–143.
2011b “Quelle morphologie?”. Roché, Boyé, Hathout, Lignon & Plénat, eds. 2011, 15–39.
Roché, Michel, Gilles Boyé, Nabil Hathout, Stéphanie Lignon & Marc Plénat
Thornton, Anna M.
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