Chapter published in:Language Variation and Contact-Induced Change: Spanish across space and time
Edited by Jeremy King and Sandro Sessarego
[Current Issues in Linguistic Theory 340] 2018
► pp. 249–277
El futuro es perifrástico
Future tense expression in a bilingual U.S. Mexican community
In this study of the expression of futurity in the Spanish of Mexicans residing in the Baton Rouge, Louisiana, metropolitan area, I explore the distribution of the variants of futurity – the morphological future (MF), the periphrastic future (PF) and the simple present (SP) – and the constraints conditioning their occurrence. The results indicate that the PF registers the highest rate of occurrence with a frequency of 72.0% to the detriment of the MF. In comparison with other studies (cf. Gutiérrez 1995; Orozco 2007a), the PF is the most favored variant at the expense of the others. The type of verb, as reported in previous studies (cf. Orozco 2005, 2007a), is the linguistic constraint that most strongly influences the expression of futurity. Regarding social constraints, level of education conditions the use of the future. The lack of statistical significance for gender suggests that women and men have similar sociolinguistic behaviors. This opens the possibility of exploring other linguistic variables in other bilingual Mexican communities to determine whether the social trends that are found are limited to the expression of futurity or to the communities under study.
Published online: 13 March 2018
Aaron, Jessi E.
Blas Arroyo, José L.
Bybee, Joan, William Pagliuca & Revere Perkins
Campos Molina, Dally
Claes, Jeroen & Luis A. Ortiz-López
Cummins, Light T.
Din, Gilbert C.
Durán Urrea, Evelyn & Michael Gradoville
2006 “Variation in the Future Tense of New Mexican Spanish.” SALSA – Symposium About Language and Society – Austin. Retrieved from http://studentorgs.utexas.edu/salsa/proceedings/2006.htm.
Escobar, Anna M.
Escobar, Anna M. & Kim Potowski
Ferrer, María C. & Carmen Sánchez
Gutiérrez, Manuel J.
Iuliano, Rosalba & Luciana De Stefano
Klee, Carol A. & Andrew Lynch
Lastra, Yolanda & Pedro Martín Butragueño
Lipski, John M.
Méndez-Vallejo, Dunia C.
Montes Giraldo, José J.
Morena de Alba, José G.
Osborne, Samantha D.
Rodríguez-González, Eva & M. Carmen Parafita-Couto
Samper-Padilla, José A., Clara E. Hernández Cabrera & Magnolia Troya Déniz
Silva-Corvalán, Carmen & Andrew Lynch
Silva-Corvalán, Carmen & Tracy Terrell
Tagliamonte, Sali A.
vanNaerssen, Margaret M..
Vidal Covas, Lee-Ann M.
Villeré, Sidney L.
Cited by 1 other publications
This list is based on CrossRef data as of 05 april 2021. Please note that it may not be complete. Sources presented here have been supplied by the respective publishers. Any errors therein should be reported to them.