The Making of a Mixed Language

The case of Ma’a/Mbugu

| Leiden University
HardboundAvailable
ISBN 9789027252487 (Eur) | EUR 130.00
ISBN 9781588114891 (USA) | USD 195.00
 
e-Book
ISBN 9789027275240 | EUR 130.00 | USD 195.00
 
The Mbugu (or Ma'á) language (Tanzania) is one of the few genuine mixed languages, reputedly combining Bantu grammar with Cushitic vocabulary. In fact the people speak two languages: one mixed and one closely related to the Bantu language Pare. This book is the first comprehensive description of these languages. It shows that these two languages share one grammar while their lexicon is parallel. In the distant past the people shifted from a Cushitic to a Bantu language and in the process rebuilt a language of their own that expresses their separate ethnic identity in a Bantu environment. This linguistic history is explained in the context of the intricate history of the people. The discussion of the processes that were involved in the formation of Ma'a/Mbugu is extremely relevant for both creole studies and for contact linguistics in general.
[Creole Language Library, 26]  2003.  xx, 322 pp.
Publishing status: Available
Table of Contents
List of Tables
xi–xiii
List of Figures
xiii
List of Abbreviations
xv
Acknowledgements
xvi–xvii
Map 1 of the relevant area of East Africa
xviii
Map 2 of the Usambara area
xix
1. Introduction
1–15
2. Historical and geographical background
17–50
3. Linguistic history
51–93
4. Phonology
95–110
5. The verb
111–162
6. The noun
163–174
7. Adjectives and other nominal modifiers
175–182
8. Invariables or other words
183–196
9. Notes on syntax, code-switching and texts
197–213
Notes
215–220
References
221–229
Appendix: Mbugu — English etymological lexicon
231–298
English index to the lexicon
299–318
Index
319–322
“This book is a valuable contribution, as it contains by far the most comprehensive descriptive analysis of a fascinating language. Mous is a genuine authority on the language; the book will surely become the standard source. The status and history of this language are highly controversial in language contact studies, so that the availability of a richly documented grammar will be welcomed by many researchers (as well as by specialists in Bantu and other languages of that part of East Africa). The book has no competitors, and it is a 'must-read' for anyone interested in mixed languages. Scholarly interest in language contact has been booming for some years now, and mixed languages have proved especially intriguing.”
“Maarten Mous has produced a solid study of the creation of the mixed language Ma'a, parallel to the Bantu language Mbugu spoken among members of the same ethnic group. His analysis is of great interest to all students of language contact, historical linguistics, ethnogenesis, and the deliberate manipulation of languages.”
“The present book is a wealth of data and information concerning the language under question. In fact it is a complete descriptive grammar of not only the mixed language Ma'a/Inner Mbugu, but also simultaneously the ''matrix'' language Normal Mbugu, showing the close relationship between the languages, something that Mous argues strongly for.”
“This is a remarkable book. I found this book so extraordinarily interesting, so gripping that I just read and read, from start to finish. Mous sets out an array of possible interpretations, examines each of them, states the pros and cons, and says where he stands. He proposes to enlarge the standard interpretation of the Comparative method, via his conscious manipulation. All this is of general interest. A balanced presentation; a pleasure to read. I predict scholars from different backgrounds will like this book: those interested in mixed languages, and those interesting in language contact, language change, language genesis, and language manipulation.”
“This book makes an invaluable contribution to contact linguistics. Apart from Africanists and scholars working on language contact, this book is of great relevance to general historical linguists.”
“It is clear that for many years to come this will be the central source on the strange case of Mbugu. Its importance for the study of language change cannot be overestimated, and previous attempts to classify the language have shown that without proper information such attempts are bound to be futile.”
“This volume offers significant new insights, thanks in part to its thorough and detailed analysis. The book also marks a minor change from Mous's earlier work (e.g., Mous, 1994), where Ma'a is categorized as merely a lexical register of (Normal) Mbugu. The making of a mixed langage provides much detail, and as such it may be a relatively tough read for the uninitiated generalist. But Banto scholars, Africanists, and those interested in mixed languages in particular will welcome Mous's in-depth discussion, and find the book challenging and informative.”
Cited by

Cited by other publications

No author info given
2015.  In Pidgins, Creoles and Mixed Languages [Creole Language Library, 48], Crossref logo
Aboh, Enoch O.
2020. Lessons From Neuro-(a)-Typical Brains: Universal Multilingualism, Code-Mixing, Recombination, and Executive Functions. Frontiers in Psychology 11 Crossref logo
Peter K. Austin & Julia Sallabank
1999.  In The Cambridge Handbook of Endangered Languages, Crossref logo
Benítez-Torres, Carlos M. & Anthony P. Grant
2017. On the origin of some Northern Songhay mixed languages. Journal of Pidgin and Creole Languages 32:2  pp. 263 ff. Crossref logo
Brenzinger, Matthias
2018.  In Word Hunters [Studies in Language Companion Series, 194],  pp. 45 ff. Crossref logo
Childs, G. Tucker
2019.  In Ideophones, Mimetics and Expressives [Iconicity in Language and Literature, 16],  pp. 303 ff. Crossref logo
du Plessis, Menán
2019. The Khoisan Languages of Southern Africa: Facts, Theories and Confusions. Critical Arts 33:4-5  pp. 33 ff. Crossref logo
Kressing, Frank
2016. Lateral and Vertical Transfer in Biology, Linguistics and Anthropology: An Account of Widely Neglected Ideas in the Formation of Evolutionary Theories. Evolutionary Biology 43:4  pp. 474 ff. Crossref logo
Lee, Nala H.
2020. The Status of Endangered Contact Languages of the World. Annual Review of Linguistics 6:1  pp. 301 ff. Crossref logo
Lipski, John M
2020. Reconstructing the life-cycle of a mixed language: An exploration of Ecuadoran Media Lengua. International Journal of Bilingualism 24:2  pp. 410 ff. Crossref logo
McConvell, Patrick & Felicity Meakins
2005. Gurindji Kriol: A Mixed Language Emerges from Code-switching. Australian Journal of Linguistics 25:1  pp. 9 ff. Crossref logo
Meeuwis, Michael & Jan-Ola Östman
2009.  In Handbook of Pragmatics,  pp. 1 ff. Crossref logo
Nurse, Derek, Lidwien Kapteijns, Tim Stapleton, Sabrina H. B. Hardenbergh, Greg Queyranne, Brian J. Peterson, Gail Presbey, Sean Redding, Matthews A. Ojo, Allen F. Roberts, Gary Kynoch, David E. Torrance, Amal Ghazal, Denis-Constant Martin & Julie Laplante
2012. Book Reviews. Canadian Journal of African Studies / Revue canadienne des études africaines 46:1  pp. 145 ff. Crossref logo
O’Grady Walshe, Clare
2019.  In Globalisation and Seed Sovereignty in Sub-Saharan Africa [International Political Economy Series, ],  pp. 1 ff. Crossref logo
Pawlak, Nina
2010.  In Języki afrykańskie, Crossref logo
Pawlak, Nina
2015.  In Orientalistyka. Rozważania o nauce, Crossref logo
Reershemius, Gertrud
2011. A new role for Low German? Language insertion as bilingual practice in the process of language shift. Journal of Sociolinguistics 15:3  pp. 383 ff. Crossref logo
Sands, Bonny
2009. Africa's Linguistic Diversity. Language and Linguistics Compass 3:2  pp. 559 ff. Crossref logo
Seifart, Frank
2017. Patterns of affix borrowing in a sample of 100 languages. Journal of Historical Linguistics 7:3  pp. 389 ff. Crossref logo
Storoshenko, Dennis Ryan
2016. The Shona reflexive as covert anaphora. Canadian Journal of Linguistics/Revue canadienne de linguistique 61:2  pp. 156 ff. Crossref logo
H. Ekkehard Wolff
2019.  In A History of African Linguistics, Crossref logo

This list is based on CrossRef data as of 01 june 2020. Please note that it may not be complete. Sources presented here have been supplied by the respective publishers. Any errors therein should be reported to them.

Subjects
BIC Subject: CF – Linguistics
BISAC Subject: LAN009000 – LANGUAGE ARTS & DISCIPLINES / Linguistics / General
U.S. Library of Congress Control Number:  2003063773