Chapter published in:
Language Contact in Africa and the African Diaspora in the Americas: In honor of John V. Singler
Edited by Cecelia Cutler, Zvjezdana Vrzić and Philipp Angermeyer
[Creole Language Library 53] 2017
► pp. 305322


Allsopp, R.
1958Pronominal Forms in the Dialect of English Used in Georgetown (British Guiana) and its Environs by Persons Engaged in Non-Clerical Occupations. MA thesis, London University.
Bailey, B.
1966Jamaican Creole Syntax. Cambridge: CUP.
Bickerton, D.
1973On the nature of a creole continuum. Language 49(3): 640–699. Crossref link
1975Dynamics of a Creole System. Cambridge: CUP.
Devonish, H.
2002Talking Rhythm, Stressing Tone: The Role of Prominence in Anglo-West African Creoles. Kingston, Jamaica: Arawak Publications.
Edwards, W.
1983Code selection and shifting in Guyana. Anthropological Linguistics 20(5): 194–213.
Hooper, J.
1973Aspects of natural generative phonology. PhD dissertation, University of California – Los Angeles.
Irvine, A.
2004A good command of the English language: Phonological variation in the Jamaican acrolect. Journal of Pidgin and Creole languages 19(1): 41–76. Crossref link
Labov, W.
1969Contraction, deletion and inherent variability of the English copula. Language 45(4): 715–762. Crossref link
1971The notion of “system” in creole languages. In Pidginization and Creolization of Languages, D. Hymes (ed.), 447–472. Cambridge: CUP.
Lacoste, V.
2012Phonological Variation in Rural Jamaican Schools. Amsterdam: John Benjamins. Crossref link
Rickford, J.
1979Variation in a Creole Continuum: Quantitative and Implicational Approaches. PhD dissertation, University of Pennsylvania.
1981A variable rule for a creole continuum. In Variation Omnibus, D. Sankoff & H. Cedergren (eds), 201–208. Carbondale and Edmonton: Linguistic Research, Inc.
1986The need for new approaches to social class analysis in sociolinguistics. Language and Communication 6(3): 215–221. Crossref link
1987The haves and have nots: Sociolinguistic surveys and the assessment of speaker competence. Language in Society 16(2): 149–177. Crossref link
1991Sociolinguistic variation in Cane Walk: A quantitative case study. In English Around The World: Sociolinguistic Perspectives, J. Cheshire (ed.), 609–616. Cambridge: CUP. Crossref link
1993Phonological features in Afro-American pidgins and creoles and their diachronic significance. In Africanisms in Afro-American Language Varieties, S. Mufwene (ed.), 346–363. Athens GA: University of Georgia Press.
Rosenfelder, I.
2008Sociophonetic Variation in Educated Jamaican English: An Analysis of the Spoken Component of ICE-Jamaica. PhD dissertation, Albert Ludwigs Universität Freiburg.
Sankoff, G.
1974A quantitative paradigm for the study of communicative competence. In Explorations in the Ethnography of Speaking, R. Bauman & J. Sherzer (eds) 18–49. Cambridge: CUP.
Sidnell, J.
1999Gender and pronominal variation in an Indo-Guyanese creole-speaking community. Language in Society 28(3): 367–399. Crossref link
Singler, J.
1984Variation in Tense-Aspect-Modality in Liberian English. PhD dissertation, UCLA.
Tagliamonte, S.
2006Analysing Sociolinguistic Variation. Cambridge: CUP. Crossref link
Wolfram, W.
1969A Sociolinguistic Description of Detroit Negro Speech. Washington DC: Center for Applied Linguistics.