Chapter published in:Representing the Other in European Media Discourses
Edited by Jan Chovanec and Katarzyna Molek-Kozakowska
[Discourse Approaches to Politics, Society and Culture 74] 2017
► pp. 135–154
Chapter 6Discursive legitimation of criminalization and victimization of sub-Saharan immigrants in Spanish El País and ABC newspapers
This chapter analyses some visual characteristics used to criminalize and victimize sub-Saharan immigrants in a sample from the Spanish press. It contributes to the debate on the discursive construction of “the other”, in this case, the sub-Saharan immigrant, in the quality Spanish press. The corpus consists of all the news items published on sub-Saharan immigrants in the digital editions of the two most popular Spanish newspapers, El País and ABC, from 1 January 2012 to 1 January 2015. Visual grammar (Kress and van Leeuwen, 2006) and the model proposed by van Leeuwen (1996, 2008) for the analysis of the representation of social actors is used to deconstruct the main visual strategies used by the Spanish press to criminalize and victimize immigrants in order to reinforce the us–them dichotomy and to legitimize the representation of sub-Saharan immigrants as “the others”. The main findings of the study show how immigrants are represented as criminals and victims, which does not favour their integration but contributes to the highlighting of racist attitudes and discrimination.
Keywords: sub-Saharan immigrants, criminalization, victimization, visual grammar, social actors, Spanish press
- 2.Literature review
- 3.Data and methodology
- 4.Analysis of the corpus
- 4.1Strategies of criminalization
- 4.2Strategies of victimization
Published online: 23 November 2017
1 January 2012–1 January 2015 http://www.abc.es
Alonso Belmonte, Maria Isabel, McCabe, Anne and Chornet-Roses, Daniel
Bañón Hernández, Antonio Miguel
Bañón Hernández, Antonio Miguel and Romero, Samantha R.
Bañón, Antonio Miguel and Fornielles, Javier
Crespo, Eliecer and Martínez Lirola, María
1 January 2012–1 January 2015 http://www.elpais.es
Hanson, Gordon H.
(2011) The illegal immigrant: victim/hero. An analytical study on content of two Algerian daily newspapers: El Chourouk (Arabic) and El Watan (French). In: Ureta, Ivan (Ed.) Media, Migration and Public Opinion: Myths, Prejudices and the Challenge of Attaining Mutual Understanding between Europe and North Africa. Bern: Peter Lang, pp. 93–109.
Konstantinidou, Christina and Michailidou, Martha
Kress, Gunther and van Leeuwen, Theo
Laurenzo Copello, P. and Durán Muñoz, R.
Martínez Lirola, María
Moore, Kerry, Gross, Bernhard and Threadgold, Terry
Pham, Thao D.
Richardson, John and Wodak, Ruth
Triandafyllidou, Anna and Maroukis, Thanos
van Dijk, Teun A.
van Leeuwen, Theo
Cited by 4 other publications
Alaazi, Dominic A., Alphonse Ndem Ahola, Philomina Okeke-Ihejirika, Sophie Yohani, Helen Vallianatos & Bukola Salami
Arévalo Salinas, Alex Iván, Tamer Al Najjar Trujillo & Víctor Manuel Silva Echeto
Corona, Víctor & David Block
This list is based on CrossRef data as of 31 march 2022. Please note that it may not be complete. Sources presented here have been supplied by the respective publishers. Any errors therein should be reported to them.