There are certain differences between Turkish as spoken in the Netherlands (NL-Turkish) and Turkish as spoken in Turkey (TR-Turkish). These differences concern issues of linguistic variation and change in immigrant communities and seem to be closely related to social, emotional and linguistic aspects of contact situations. Considering the fact that in a contact situation the social and linguistic relationships are crucial for the outcome of language change, this paper first examines the social values that three different generations give to the language and culture of their host and home communities; then, it discusses the linguistic consequences on the lexical and structural levels of NL-Turkish. The principal conclusion is that possible language shift in the third generation leads to intensive contact with Dutch language and culture, provokes the linguistic factors and, therefore, causes the lexical and structural changes in NL-Turkish.
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Cited by 6 other publications
Altinkamis, Feyza & Ellen Simon
2020. Language abilities in bilingual children: The effect of family background and language exposure on the development of Turkish and Dutch. International Journal of Bilingualism 24:5-6 ► pp. 931 ff.
Bezcioglu-Goktolga, Irem & Kutlay Yagmur
2022. Intergenerational differences in family language policy of Turkish families in the Netherlands. Journal of Multilingual and Multicultural Development 43:9 ► pp. 891 ff.
2016. Language maintenance and shift under pressure: Three generations of the Turkish immigrant community in the Netherlands. International Journal of the Sociology of Language 2016:242
Sevinç, Yeşim & Ad Backus
2019. Anxiety, language use and linguistic competence in an immigrant context: a vicious circle?. International Journal of Bilingual Education and Bilingualism 22:6 ► pp. 706 ff.
Sevinç, Yeşim & Jean-Marc Dewaele
2018. Heritage language anxiety and majority language anxiety among Turkish immigrants in the Netherlands. International Journal of Bilingualism 22:2 ► pp. 159 ff.
Tarım, Şeyda Deniz
2019. Shifting frames: Turkish immigrant children's rescaling practices in two school settings in Arizona. Journal of Pragmatics 144 ► pp. 141 ff.
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