The rise of the going to future in Tyneside English
Evidence for further grammaticalisation
This paper investigates the relative frequencies of the two major syntactic markers of future time expression (FTE), be going to and will in the Diachronic Electronic Corpus of Tyneside English (DECTE). In particular, the rise in the frequency of be going to will be examined in the light of current theories of grammaticalisation. The various grammatical constraints that have been identified in the literature as determining the distribution of will versus be going to will be investigated. It will be shown that a number of interesting changes have occurred within the fifty-year period covered by the data-set. In specific areas of grammar, contrasts have been maintained (e.g. first person versus the other persons in the favouring of will), strengthened (e.g. subordinate clauses versus main clauses in the favouring of going to), weakened (e.g. the dominance of will in contexts of distal future reference) or even introduced (e.g. the apodoses of if-clauses emerging as a syntactic niche for the favouring of will).
Published online: 29 May 2015
The Diachronic Electronic Corpus of Tyneside English (DECTE)
Allen, Will, Joan C. Beal, Karen P. Corrigan, Warren Maguire, and Hermann L. Moisl
Beal, Joan C
Beal, Joan C., and Karen P. Corrigan
Bybee, Joan L., Revere D. Perkins, and William Pagliuca
Corrigan, Karen P., Isabelle Buchstaller, Adam J. Mearns, and Hermann L. Moisl
2012 The Diachronic Electronic Corpus of Tyneside English. http://research.ncl.ac.uk/decte/ (accessed July 30, 2013).
Corrigan, Karen P., Adam Mearns, and Hermann L. Moisl
2014 “Feature-Based Versus Aggregate Analyses of the DECTE Corpus: Phonological and Morphological Variability in Tyneside English”. In Benedikt Szmrecsanyi and Bernhard Wälchli, eds. Aggregating Dialectology, Typology and Feature Analysis: Linguistic Variation in Text and Speech. Berlin and New York: Mouton de Gruyter, 113–149.
Danchev, Andrei, and Merja Kytö
Hopper, Paul J
Hopper, Paul J., and Elizabeth C. Traugott
Johnson, Dan E
Leech, Geoffrey, Marianne Hundt, Christian Mair, and Nicholas Smith
Mair, Christian, and Geoffrey Leech
1981 “Variation in the Use of the Modal Verbs with Special Reference to Tyneside English”. Ph.D. dissertation, Newcastle University.
Poplack, Shana, and Sali Tagliamonte
Royster, Jane F., and John M. Steadman
Quirk, Randolph, Sidney Greenbaum, Geoffrey Leech, and Jan Svartvik
Sankoff, David, Sali A. Tagliamonte, and Jennifer Smith
2005 “GoldVarb X”. Department of Linguistics, University of Toronto, Toronto, Canada. http://individual.utoronto.ca/tagliamonte/GoldVarb/GV_index.htm.
Torres-Cacoullos, Rena, and James A. Walker
Cited by 1 other publications
Hundt, Marianne & Adina Staicov
This list is based on CrossRef data as of 09 april 2022. Please note that it may not be complete. Sources presented here have been supplied by the respective publishers. Any errors therein should be reported to them.