The semantics of evaluational adjectives
Perspectives from Natural Semantic Metalanguage and Appraisal
We apply the Natural Semantic Metalanguage (NSM) approach (Goddard & Wierzbicka 2014) to the lexical-semantic analysis of English evaluational adjectives and compare the results with the picture developed in the Appraisal Framework (Martin & White 2005). The analysis is corpus-assisted, with examples mainly drawn from film and book reviews, and supported by collocational and statistical information from WordBanks Online. We propose NSM explications for 15 evaluational adjectives, arguing that they fall into five groups, each of which corresponds to a distinct semantic template. The groups can be sketched as follows: “First-person thought-plus-affect”, e.g. wonderful; “Experiential”, e.g. entertaining; “Experiential with bodily reaction”, e.g. gripping; “Lasting impact”, e.g. memorable; “Cognitive evaluation”, e.g. complex, excellent. These groupings and semantic templates are compared with the classifications in the Appraisal Framework’s system of Appreciation. In addition, we are particularly interested in sentiment analysis, the automatic identification of evaluation and subjectivity in text. We discuss the relevance of the two frameworks for sentiment analysis and other language technology applications.
Published online: 25 November 2019
Aloy Mayo, María, Ramtin M. Seraj, Ana P. García Varela, Dan Fass, Fred Popowich, Anoop Sarkar & Maite Taboada
Andrews, Avery D.[ p. 337 ]
2006 Semantic composition for NSM, using LFG + Glue. In Keith Allan (ed.), Selected Papers from the 2005 Conference of the Australian Linguistic Society. Available online at http://www.als.asn.au/proceedings/als2005.html/, Accessed 02 Feb 2015.
Barrios Rodríguez, María Auxiliadora & Cliff Goddard
Calvo, Rafael A., Sidney D’Mello, Jonathan Gratch & Arvid Kappas
Carretero, Marta & Maite Taboada
Clough, Patricia Ticineto & Jean O’Malley Halley
Coffin, Caroline & Kieran O’Halloran
2008 The corpus of contemporary American English: 450 million words, 1990-present. Available online at http://corpus.byu.edu/coca
De Smet, Hendrik
n.d. The meaning of the English present participle. [https://lirias.kuleuven.be/bitstream/123456789/278750/2/The+meaning+of+the+English+present+participle+] Accessed 29 June 2014.
Enfield, Nick & Anna Wierzbicka
Goddard, Cliff & Andrea Schalley[ p. 338 ]
Goddard, Cliff, Maite Taboada & Radoslava Trnavac
2016 Semantic descriptions of 24 evaluational adjectives, for application in sentiment analysis. Computing Science Technical Report SFU-CMPT TR 2016-42-1. Simon Fraser University. Available online at http://arxiv.org/abs/1608.06697
Goddard, Cliff & Wierzbicka, Anna
Goddard, Cliff & Anna Wierzbicka
Goddard, Cliff & Zhengdao Ye
Halliday, M. A. K. & Christian M. I. M. Matthiessen
Harkins, Jean & Anna Wierzbicka
Hobbs, Jerry & Andrew Gordon
Hommerberg, Charlotte & Alexanne Don
Keenan, Edward L. & Leonard M. Faltz
Lakoff, George & Mark Johnson
Love, Kristina[ p. 339 ]
Millar, Neil & Susan Hunston
Moors, Agnes, Phoebe C. Ellsworth, Klaus R. Scherer & Nico H. Fridja
Neviarouskaya, Alena & Masaki Aono
Neviarouskaya, Alena, Helmut Prendinger & Mitsuru Ishizuka
Ngo, Thu & Len Unsworth
Page, Ruth E.
Pang, Bo & Lillian Lee
Polanyi, Livia & Annie Zaenen
Raskin, Victor & Sergei Nirenburg
1995 Lexical semantics of adjectives: A microtheory of adjectival meaning. Memoranda in Computer and Cognitive Science MCCS-95-288. Las Cruces, N.M.: New Mexico State University. Available online at http://web.ics.purdue.edu/~vraskin/adjective.pdf, Accessed 26 August 2016.
Riemer, Nick[ p. 340 ]
2008 The SFU Review Corpus. Simon Fraser University, Available online at http://www.sfu.ca/~mtaboada/research/SFU_Review_Corpus.html
Taboada, Maite & Jack Grieve
Taboada, Maite, Marta Carretero & Jennifer Hinnell
Taboada, Maite, Julian Brooke, Milan Tofiloski, Kimberly Voll & Manfred Stede
Trnavac, Radoslava & Maite Taboada
Valitutti, Alessandro, Carlo Strapparava & Oliviero Stock
Varela, Francisco J., Evan T. Thompson & Eleanor Rosch
White, Peter R. R.
Whitelaw, Casey, Navendu Garg & Shlomo Argamon
Available online at http://wordbanks.harpercollins.co.uk
Cited by 2 other publications
Sadow, Lauren & Kerry Mullan
Trnavac, Radoslava & Maite Taboada
This list is based on CrossRef data as of 11 april 2021. Please note that it may not be complete. Sources presented here have been supplied by the respective publishers. Any errors therein should be reported to them.