Article published in:
Vol. 20:1 (2021) ► pp. 63102


Adler, Peter & Adler, Patricia A.
(1978) The role of momentum in sport. Journal of Contemporary Ethnography, 7, 153–175. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Anderton, Charles H. & Heckel, Robert V.
(1985) Touching behaviors of winners and losers in swimming races. Perceptual and Motor Skills, 60, 289–290. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Axtell, Roger E.
(1991) Gestures. The do’s and taboos of body language around the world. New York: Wiley & Sons.Google Scholar
Bandura, Albert
(1977) Self-efficacy. Toward a unifying theory of behavioural change. Psychological Review, 84 (2), 191–215. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Baumeister, Roy F., Bratslavsky, Ellen, Finkenauer, Catrin, & Vohs, Kathleen D.
(2001) Bad is stronger than good. Review of General Psychology, 5, 323–370. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Bäuml, Betty J. & Bäuml, Franz H.
(1997) Dictionary of worldwide gestures. Lanham, MD: Scarecrow Press.Google Scholar
Bishop, Ron
(2001) Stealing the signs: a semiotic analysis of the changing nature of professional sports logos. Social Semiotics, 11 (1), 23–41. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Bornstein, Gary & Goldschmidt, Chanan
(2008) Post-scoring behaviour and team success in soccer. In Patric Andersson, Peter Ayton, & Carsten Schmidt (Eds.), Myths and facts about soccer: The economics and psychology of the world’s greatest sport (pp. 113–123). Newcastle upon Tyne: Cambridge Scholars Publishing.Google Scholar
Brotangen, Emil
(2015) Post goal behaviors and team performance in elite soccer. Master thesis in Sport Sciences, Department of Coaching and Psychology, Norwegian School of Sport Sciences, online access.
Burgoon, Judee K., Buller, David B. & Woodall, William G.
(1996) Nonverbal communication: The unspoken dialogue. New York: McGraw-Hill.Google Scholar
Clark, Herbert H.
(2003) Pointing and placing. In Sotaro Kita (Ed.), Pointing. Where language, culture, and cognition meet (pp. 243–268). Hillsdale, NJ: Erlbaum.Google Scholar
Costello, Elaine
(2008) American Sign Language dictionary. New York: Random House Reference.Google Scholar
Day, Linda & Sutton-Spence, Rachel
(2010) British sign name customs. Sign Language Studies, 11 (1), 22–54. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Ekman, Paul
(2003) Emotions revealed. New York: Times Books.Google Scholar
Ekman, Paul & Friesen, Wallace V.
(1969) The repertoire of nonverbal behavior: Categories, origins, usage and coding. Semiotica, 1 (1), 49–98. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
(1972) Hand movements. Journal of Communication, 22, 353–374. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Flaisch, Tobias, Schupp, Harald T., Renner, Britta & Junghöfer, Markus
(2009) Neural systems of visual attention responding to emotional gestures. NeuroImage, 45 (4), 1339–1346. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Fransen, Katrien, Vanbeselaere, Norbert, Exadaktylos, Vasileios, Vande Broek, Gert, De Cuyper, Bert, Berckmans, Daniel, Ceux, Tanja, De Backer, Maarten, & Boen, Filip
(2012) “Yes, we can!” Perceptions of collective efficacy sources in volleyball. Journal of Sports Sciences, 30, 641–649. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Furley, Philip & Dicks, Matt
(2012) “Hold your head high.” The influence of emotional versus neutral nonverbal expressions of dominance and submissiveness in baseball. International Journal of Sport Psychology, 43, 294–311.Google Scholar
Furley, Philip, Dicks, Matt, & Memmert, Daniel
(2012) Nonverbal behavior in soccer: The influence of dominant and submissive body language on the impression formation and expectancy of success of soccer players. Journal of Sport & Exercise Psychology, 34, 61–82. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Furley, Philip, Dicks, Matt, Stendtke, Fabian, & Memmert, Daniel
(2012) “Get it out the way. The wait’s killing me.” Hastening and hiding during soccer penalty kicks. Psychology of Sport & Exercise, 13, 454–465. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Furley, Philip & Schweizer, Geoffrey
(2014a) The expression of victory and loss: estimating who’s leading or trailing from nonverbal cues in sports. Journal of Nonverbal Behavior, 38, 13–29. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
(2014b) “I’m pretty sure that we will win!”: the influence of score-related nonverbal behavioral changes on the confidence in winning a basketball game. Journal of Sport & Exercise Psychology, 36 (3), 316–320. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Furley, Philip, Moll, Tjerk, & Memmert, Daniel
(2015) “Put your hands up in the air”? The interpersonal effects of pride and shame in expressions on opponents and teammates. Frontiers in Psychology, 6, 1361 (online). CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Gernigon, Christophe, Briki, Walid, & Eykens, Katie
(2010) The dynamics of psychological momentum in sport: The role of ongoing history of performance patterns. Journal of Sport & Exercise Psychology, 32 (3), 377–400. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Greenlees, Iain, Bradley, Andrew, Holder, Tim, & Thelwell, Richard
(2005) The impact of opponents’ non-verbal behavior on the first impressions and outcome expectations of table-tennis players. Psychology of Sport and Exercise, 6 (1), 103–115. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Greenlees, Iain, Buscombe, Richard, Thelwell, Richard, Holder, Tim, & Rimmer, Matthew
(2005) Impact of opponents’ clothing and body language on impression formation and outcome expectations. Journal of Sport & Exercise Psychology, 27 (1), 39–52. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Greenlees, Iain, Leyland, Alex, Thelwell, Richard, & Filby, William
(2008) Soccer penalty takers’ uniform color and pre-penalty kick gaze affect the impressions formed of them by opposing goalkeepers. Journal of Sports Sciences, 26 (6), 569–576. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Hatfield, Elaine, Cacioppo, John T., & Rapson, Richard L.
(1994) Emotional contagion. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
Heckel, Robert V.
(1993) Comparison of touching behavior of winners and losers in racquetball and tennis. Perceptual and Motor Skills, 77 (3), 1392–1394. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Heckel, Robert V., Allen, Sheila S., & Blackmon, David C.
(1986) Tactile communication of winners in flag football. Perceptual and Motor Skills, 63 (2), 553–554. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Hedberg, Tomas
(1994) Sign names in Swedish Sign Language: Their formation and use. In Carol J. Erting, Robert E. Johnson, Dorothy L. Smith, & Bruce D. Snider (Eds.). The deaf way: Perspectives from the International Conference on Deaf Culture (pp. 416–424). Washington: Gallaudet University Press.Google Scholar
Jones, Martin & Harwood, Chris
(2008) Psychological momentum within competitive soccer: Players’ perspectives. Journal of Applied Sport Psychology, 20 (1), 57–72. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Jordet, Geir
(2009a) When superstars flop: Public status and ‘‘choking under pressure’’ in international soccer penalty shootouts. Journal of Applied Sport Psychology, 21 (2), 125–130. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
(2009b) Why do English players fail in soccer penalty shootouts? A study of team status, self-regulation, and choking under pressure. Journal of Sports Sciences, 27 (2), 97–106. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Jordet, Geir & Hartman, Esther
(2008) Avoidance motivation and choking under pressure in soccer penalty shootouts. Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology, 30 (4), 450–457. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Kamp, John van der & Masters, Rich S. W.
(2008) The human Müller-Lyer illusion in goalkeeping, Perception, 37 (6), 951–954. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Kendon, Adam
(1988) How gestures can become like words. In Fernando Poyatos (Ed.). Crosscultural perspectives in nonverbal communication (pp. 131–141). Toronto: C. J. Hogrefe Publishers.Google Scholar
(1994) Do gestures communicate? A review. Research on Language and Social Interaction, 27 (3), 175–200. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
(1995) Gestures as illocutionary and discourse structure markers in Southern Italian conversation. Journal of Pragmatics, 23 (3), 247–279. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
(2004) Gesture: Visible action as utterance. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
(2017) Pragmatic functions of gestures. Some observations on the history of their study and their nature. Gesture, 16 (2), 157–175. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Knapp, Mark L. & Hall, Judith A.
(1997) Nonverbal communication in human interaction. 4th edition. Fort Worth: Harcourt Brace College Publishers.Google Scholar
Kraus, Michael, Huang, Cassy, & Keltner, Dacher
(2010) Tactile communication, cooperation, and performance: An ethnological study of the NBA. Emotion, 10 (5), 745–749. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
McNeill, David
(1992) Hand and mind: What gestures reveal about thought. Chicago, IL: The University of Chicago Press.Google Scholar
Meadow, Kathryn
(1977) Name signs as identity symbols in the Deaf community. Sign Language Studies, 16, 237–246. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Mindess, Anna
(1990) What name signs can tell us about Deaf culture. Sign Language Studies, 66, 1–24. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Moesch, Karin & Apitzsch, Erwin
(2012) How do coaches experience psychological momentum? A qualitative study of female elite handball teams. The Sport Psychologist, 26 (3), 435–453. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Moesch, Karin, Kenttä, Göran, & Mattsson, Martin
(2015) Exploring nonverbal behavior in elite handball players: Development of the handball post-shot behavior coding scheme (H-PSB-CS). Journal of Sport Behavior, 38 (1), 52–78.Google Scholar
Moesch, Karin, Kenttä, Göran, Bäckström, Martin, & Mattsson, Martin
(2015) Exploring nonverbal behaviors in elite handball: How and when do players celebrate? Journal of Applied Sport Psychology, 27 (1), 94–109. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
(2018) Nonverbal post-shot celebrations and their relationship with performance in elite handball. International Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology, 16 (3), 235–249. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Moll, Tjerk, Jordet, Geir, & Pepping, Gert-Jan
(2010) Emotional contagion in soccer penalty shootouts: Celebration of individual success is associated with ultimate team success. Journal of Sport Sciences, 28 (9), 983–992. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Morris, Desmond
(1994) Bodytalk: The meaning of human gestures. New York: Crown Trade Paperbacks.Google Scholar
(2016 [1981]) The soccer tribe. Revised edition. New York: Rizzoli International Publications.Google Scholar
Müller, Cornelia
(1998) Redebegleitende Gesten. Kulturgeschichte – Theorie – Sprachvergleich. Berlin: Berlin Verlag.Google Scholar
Munari, Bruno
(1963) Supplemento al dizionario italiano. Mantova: Corraini Editore.Google Scholar
Parkinson, Brian
(1996) Emotions are social. British Journal of Psychology, 87 (4), 663–683. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Poggi, Isabella
(2007) Mind, hands, face and body: A goal and belief view of multimodal communication. Berlin: Weidler Buchverlag.Google Scholar
Price, Tom F., Peterson, Carly K., & Harmon-Jones, Eddie
(2012) The emotive neuroscience of embodiment. Motivation and Emotion, 36 (1), 27–37. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Riggio, Ronald E. & Riggio, Heidi R.
(2012) Face and body in motion: Nonverbal communication. In: Thomas F. Cash (Ed.), Encyclopedia of body image and human appearance (Vol. 1, pp. 425–430). San Diego, CA: Elsevier Academic. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Ronglan, Lars T.
(2007) Building and communicating collective efficacy: A season-long in-depth study of an elite sport team. The Sport Psychologist, 21 (1), 78–93. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Shun-Chiu, Yau & Jingxian, He
(1989) How Deaf children in a Chinese school get their sign names. Sign Language Studies, 18 (65), 305–322.Google Scholar
Streeck, Jürgen
(2009) Gesturecraft: The manu-facture of meaning. Amsterdam & Philadelphia: John Benjamins. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Supalla, Samuel J.
(1990) The arbitrary name sign system in American Sign Language. Sign Language Studies, 67, 99–126. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Teßendorf, Sedinha
(2014) Pragmatic and metaphoric gestures: Combining functional with cognitive approaches in the analysis of the “Brushing aside gesture”. In Cornelia Müller, Alan Cienki, Ellen Fricke, Silva H. Ladewig, David McNeill & Jana Bressem (Eds.). Body – language – communication: An international handbook on multimodality in human interaction (Vol. 2, pp. 1540–1558). Berlin & Boston: De Gruyter Mouton. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Totterdell, Peter
(2000) Catching moods and hitting runs: Mood linkage and subjective performance in professional sport teams. Journal of Applied Psychology, 85 (6), 848–859. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Tracy, Jessica L. & Robins, Richard
(2004) Show your pride: Evidence for a discrete emotion expression. Psychological Science, 15 (3), 194–197. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
(2007) The prototypical pride expression: Development of a nonverbal behavior coding system. Emotion, 7 (4), 789–801. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Tracy, Jessica L. & Matsumoto, David
(2008) The spontaneous expression of pride and shame: Evidence for biologically innate nonverbal displays. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 105 (33), 11655–11660. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Turner, Mark
(2012) From “pats on the back” to “dummy sucking”: a critique of the changing social, cultural and political significance of soccer goal celebrations. Soccer & Society, 13 (1), 1–18. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Van Kleef, Gerben A.
(2009) How emotions regulate social life: The emotions as social information (EASI) model. Current Directions in Psychological Science, 18 (3), 184–188. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Warr, Peter B. & Knapper, Christopher
(1968) The perception of people and events. London: Wiley & Sons.Google Scholar
Werner, Carol M., Brown, Barbara B., & Altman, Irwin
(2003) Transactionally oriented research: Examples and strategies. In Robert B. Bechtel & Arza Churchman (Eds.), Handbook of environmental psychology (pp. 203–221). New York: John Wiley & Sons. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Young, Greg
(2011) “It can start from anything”: An existential phenomenological investigation of athletes’ experiences of psychological momentum. Doctoral dissertation, University of Tennessee. Retrieved from http://​trace​.tennessee​.edu​/cgi​/viewcontent​.cgi​?article​=2126​&context​=utk​_graddiss

Online sources

AC Milan
(2019, June 15): Best celebration 2018/19: Piątek wins. [Image attached]. AC Milan. https://​www​.acmilan​.com​/en​/news​/awards​/2019​-06​-15​/best​-celebration​-201819​-piatek​-wins
Aikman, Richard & Widdicombe, Josh
(2008, January 9): What is the ‘A’ goal celebration all about? [Image attached]. The Guardian. https://​www​.theguardian​.com​/football​/2008​/jan​/09​/theknowledge​.sport
Álvarez, Or
(2017, April 5): By the fight against the cancer. The lovely gesture of Messi when marking his first goal to the Seville. [Image attached]. FC Barcelona Noticias. https://​www​.fcbarcelonanoticias​.com​/en​/players​/lionel​-messi​/the​-lovely​-gesture​-of​-messi​-when​-marking​-his​-first​-goal​-to​-the​-seville​_198621​_102​.html
Ansong, Duaine
(2018, October 28): Gerard Pique speaks after producing iconic ‘five’ hand gesture in El Clasico victory. [Image attached]. Give Me Sport. https://​www​.givemesport​.com​/1409195​-gerard​-pique​-speaks​-after​-producing​-iconic​-five​-hand​-gesture​-in​-el​-clasico​-victory
AS English
2019, March 12): Cristiano Ronaldo celebrates with Simeone’s ‘big balls’ gesture. [Image attached]. AS. https://​en​.as​.com​/en​/2019​/03​/12​/football​/1552430325​_359778​.html#menu
Associated Press
2014, September 20): Tevez scores to help Juventus get by AC Milan. [Image attached]. Sportsnet. https://​www​.sportsnet​.ca​/article​/tfc​-learns​-rest​-rejigged​-mls​-schedule​-busy​-october​-ahead/
Bandini, Nicky
(2017, March 24): Giampaolo Pazzini, new Wembley’s first goalscorer, feels the emotions 10 years on. [Image attached]. The Guardian. https://​www​.theguardian​.com​/football​/2017​/mar​/24​/giampaolo​-pazzini​-wembley​-first​-goal​-italy​-under​-21s​-england
Barcelona Fans Club [ at WeAreBARFans]
(2015, May 3): Tw Shakira: “…Dedication with a little kiss today!! You know how to make me happy! Shak” [shakira] [Image attached]. [Tweet]. Twitter. https://​twitter​.com​/WeAreBARFans​/status​/594697118427799553
BBC News
(2013, March 17): Greek footballer Giorgos Katidis banned for Nazi salute. [Image attached]. BBC News. https://​www​.bbc​.com​/news​/world​-europe​-21822165
(2018 23 June): ‘Double eagle’ celebration provokes Serbs. [Image attached]. BBC News. https://​www​.bbc​.com​/news​/world​-europe​-44586587
BBC Sport
(2018, June 19): Dzyuba slots home third for Russia. [Video attached]. BBC Sport. https://​www​.bbc​.com​/sport​/av​/football​/44541418
Beneddra, Naim
(2018, June 16): Laudrup reveals inspiration behind iconic 1998 World Cup celebration. [Image attached]. Goal. https://​www​.goal​.com​/en​-gb​/news​/laudrup​-reveals​-inspiration​-behind​-iconic​-1998​-world​-cup​/3e93p4p05w6f13u94k8n3t8r4
Benson, Michael
(2018, May 17): When sport meets Fortnite – The best game celebrations performed in real life. [Image attached]. Talk Sport. https://​talksport​.com​/football​/376096​/when​-sport​-meets​-fortnite​-best​-game​-celebrations​-performed​-real​-life​-180517282988/
Buzz Mondial
(2015, September 17): David Limbersky celebrating his goal 3 days after crashing his Bentley while driving drunk. [Video attached]. Dailymotion. https://​www​.dailymotion​.com​/video​/x373ldc
Casey, Gavan
(2019, September 11): Pep rolls dice and Benjani rolls back the years in Kompany testimonial… Also, just watch Paul Scholes. [Image attached]. The 42. https://​www​.the42​.ie​/vincent​-kompany​-testimonial​-2​-4805512​-Sep2019/
Collins, Paul
(2013, June 17): Brand Bale! Spurs forward follows Beckham and Ronaldo after trademarking ‘Eleven of Hearts’ goal celebration. [Image attached]. Mail Online. https://​www​.dailymail​.co​.uk​/sport​/football​/article​-2343017​/Gareth​-Bale​-trademarks​-hearts​-goal​-celebration​.html
Conolly, Paul
(2019, July 1): Happy birthday, Ruud van Nistelrooy – a throwback to his most savage moment v Andorra. [Image attached]. Give Me Sport. https://​www​.givemesport​.com​/1486832​-happy​-birthday​-ruud​-van​-nistelrooy​-a​-throwback​-to​-his​-most​-savage​-moment​-v​-andorra
Cox, Gerry
(2014, March 8): Mourinho pleased to see Eto’o make fun of him with old-man celebration after Chelsea boss had questioned striker’s real age. [Image attached]. Mail Online. https://​www​.dailymail​.co​.uk​/sport​/football​/article​-2576523​/Mourinho​-pleased​-Etoo​-make​-fun​-old​-man​-celebration​-Chelsea​-boss​-questioned​-strikers​-real​-age​.html
Curtis, Leigh
(2017, August 24): Notts County’s Matt Tootle comes clean on his infamous slug goal celebration. [Image attached]. Nottinghamshire Live. https://​www​.nottinghampost​.com​/sport​/football​/notts​-countys​-matt​-tootle​-comes​-378001
Cutmore, Chris
(2013, February 4): Ronaldinho… the original showboater! Why we loved this maverick before Messi and Ronaldo took over as the world’s best. [Image attached]. Mail Online. https://​www​.dailymail​.co​.uk​/sport​/football​/article​-2267021​/Ronaldinho​-VIDEO​-The​-original​-showboater​-recalled​-Brazil​--celebrate​-magical​-moments​.html
DCunha, Colin
Drayton, John
(2013, January 24): Malaga 2 Barcelona 4: Pique dedicates goal to newborn son Milan as Barca set up thrilling Copa semi-final with rivals Real. [Image attached]. Mail Online. https://​www​.dailymail​.co​.uk​/sport​/football​/article​-2267944​/Malaga​-2​-Barcelona​-4​-Gerard​-Pique​-dedicates​-goal​-Milan​.html
Dybala, Paulo
(2017, January 27): Ciao a tutti! Nessuno ha indovinato, ma vi ringrazio tutti! Ecco cosa vuol dire la #dybalamask ! Hello people! Thanks for sending me all those wonderful pictures of you wearing #Dybalamask!. [Image attached]. [Status update]. Facebook. https://​www​.facebook​.com​/paulodybala​/videos​/638479799669807
Entertainment 24/7
(2018, January 5): Lingard Shmoney Dance Celebration. [Video]. YouTube. https://​www​.youtube​.com​/watch​?v​=6RfrM144fdo
FC Bayern München
(2019, April 6): Milestone for Lewandowski. FC Bayern München. [Image attached]. https://​fcbayern​.com​/en​/news​/2019​/04​/lewandowski​-reaches​-200​-goal​-milestone
(2019, September 6): 5 Goals vs. Wolfsburg, Red Hair & Warsaw | Servus, Robert Lewandowski | FC Bayern. [Video]. YouTube. https://​www​.youtube​.com​/watch​?v​=TICvNFthExs
Flanagan, Aaron
(2015, March 15): Wayne Rooney in hilarious knockout celebration against Tottenham after Phil Bardsley boxing storm. [Image attached]. Mirror. https://​www​.mirror​.co​.uk​/sport​/football​/news​/wayne​-rooney​-hilarious​-knockout​-celebration​-5340459
France 24
(2018, October 3): Cristiano Ronaldo, superstar footballer whose talent and ego feed off each other. [Image attached]. France 24. https://​www​.france24​.com​/en​/20181003​-cristiano​-ronaldo​-superstar​-footballer​-whose​-talent​-ego​-feed​-off​-each​-other
Gabriel Jesus [ at dejesusoficial]
(2016, November 11): Alô mãe [A handset emoji]. #Brasil #maisumavitoria #alomaedenovo. [Photograph]. Instagram. https://​www​.instagram​.com​/p​/BMpvcgkDRuq​/?utm​_source​=ig​_embed
Garcia, Jorge
(2019, February 21): Simeone explains rude celebration: “It was because we’ve got big balls”. [Image attached]. AS. Football. https://​en​.as​.com​/en​/2019​/02​/21​/football​/1550703876​_378049​.html​?omnil​=resrelart
Gartside, Luke
(2019, June 17): Where Did The Shaka Originate? And should you really still be doing them?. [Image attached]. Wavelength. https://​wavelengthmag​.com​/where​-shaka​-orginate/
Gilardino, Alberto
(2013, December 12). Photos [Facebook page]. [Image attached]. [Cover photo update]. Facebook. https://​www​.facebook​.com​/Genoa1312​/photos​/a​.130336613786747​/259152237571850​/?type​=3​&_​_tn​__​=HH​-R
Greechan, John
(2019, August 29): Flute flak made me realise I had messed up: Paul Gascoigne on how controversial celebration led to police urging him to board up his house. [Image attached]. Daily Mail. https://​www​.dailymail​.co​.uk​/sport​/football​/article​-7404911​/Flute​-flak​-realise​-messed​-Paul​-Gascoigne​-controversial​-celebration​.html
Griezmann, Antoine
[ at AntoGriezmann] (2016, July 8): [Emoji: the eyes covered with hands, a ring gesture, a cry with laughter, a handset]  at Drake. [Video attached] [Tweet]. Twitter. https://​twitter​.com​/AntoGriezmann​/status​/751440792741445632
Hamley, Chris
(2015, September 29). Bayern 5 Dinamo Zagreb 0. Hat-trick for Lewy as Reds run riot. [Image attached]. FC Bayern. https://​fcbayern​.com​/en​/news​/matchreports​/2015​/09​/match​-report​-fc​-bayern​--​-dinamo​-zagreb​-290915
Harvey, Jon
(2015, May 2): Matty Taylor tries to impersonate WWE wrestler Scotty 2 Hotty by doing the worm after scoring for Bristol Rovers against Forest Green. [Image attached]. Metro. https://​metro​.co​.uk​/2015​/05​/02​/matty​-taylor​-tries​-to​-impersonate​-wwe​-wrestler​-scotty​-2​-hotty​-by​-doing​-the​-worm​-after​-scoring​-for​-bristol​-rovers​-against​-forest​-green​-5178369/
Isaacs, Marc
(2017, May 15): Neymar shows off new tattoo as he dedicates hat-trick to his Mum following 4–1 win over Las Palmas. [Image attached]. Mirror. https://​www​.mirror​.co​.uk​/sport​/football​/news​/neymar​-shows​-new​-tattoo​-dedicates​-10426458
n.d.): About. Retrieved July 20, 2020, from https://​jlingz​.com​/pages​/about
Jones, Rich
(2019, March 14): Jesse Lingard explains meaning behind his Man Utd goal celebration. [Image attached]. Mirror. https://​www​.mirror​.co​.uk​/sport​/football​/news​/jesse​-lingard​-explains​-meaning​-behind​-14136453
Krichen, Akram
(2017, October 29): Ballon d’Or 2017: Players making their first appearance for the award – Isco. [Image attached]. Orange Football Club. https://​orangefootballclub​.com​/en​/articles​/ballon​-dor​-2017​-players​-making​-their​-first​-appearance​-for​-the​-award​-isco/
Lewandowski, Robert
[ at _rl9] (2016, December 6): „[Emoji: a feeding bottle, a heart]  at annalewandowskahpba #rl9”. [Photograph]. Instagram. https://​www​.instagram​.com​/p​/BNsSIPejN0e​/?utm​_source​=ig​_embed
[ at _rl9] (2019, November 6): Baby is coming. [Emoji: a baby face, a pregnant woman figure, a heart emoji, a smile].  at annalewandowskahpba [A double emoji of a heart]. [Photograph]. Instagram. https://​www​.instagram​.com​/p​/B4iYQDFn6T4​/?utm​_source​=ig​_embed
Lewis, Jacob
(2015, March 16). Top ten shocking goal celebrations. [Image attached]. The Sun. https://​www​.thesun​.co​.uk​/archives​/news​/175117​/top​-ten​-shocking​-goal​-celebrations/
Livesey, Jon
(2018, September 18): Lionel Messi celebration explained: Touching reason behind superstar’s trademark ‘pointing to the sky’ revealed. [Image attached]. Mirror. https://​www​.mirror​.co​.uk​/sport​/football​/news​/lionel​-messi​-goal​-celebration​-explained​-13260581
Lozano, Hirving
[ at HirvingLozano70] (2017, January 8): Con mi hermanito #fusión #DragonBallz  at GutiGalaviz. [Image attached] [Tweet]. Twitter. https://​twitter​.com​/hirvinglozano70​/status​/817951381994749952
Lynn, S. J.
(2020, February 2): Shakira and Gerard Pique: A look at their relationship timeline. [Image attached]. Sporting news. https://​www​.sportingnews​.com​/us​/soccer​/news​/shakira​-gerard​-pique​-relationship​-timeline​/5kxnsgkq8k4q1he91n43txxfb
Neymar da Silva Santos Júnior [ at neymarjr].
(2017, May 14): for u MOM  at nadine.goncalves. [Photograph]. Instagram. https://​www​.instagram​.com​/p​/BUFh1BsD7Sw/
Otis, John
(2014, July 3): Why You Should Root for Colombia in The World Cup. [Image attached]. NBC News. https://​www​.nbcnews​.com​/storyline​/world​-cup​/why​-you​-should​-root​-colombia​-world​-cup​-n147481
Owens, Joe
(2017, November 13): AC Milan Forward Fabio Borini Reveals Celebration Origins & Why He Supports Dortmund. [Image attached]. 90min. https://​www​.90min​.com​/posts​/5797108​-ac​-milan​-forward​-fabio​-borini​-reveals​-celebration​-origins​-why​-he​-supports​-dortmund
Pollard, Rob
Real Madrid C. F.
(2017, September 9): #RMLiga Lucas Vázquez celebrates his first goal of the season!. [Image attached]. [Status update]. Facebook. https://​www​.facebook​.com​/RealMadrid​/posts​/10151391090194953/
Roepken, Corey
(2018, March 4): Dynamo’s Alberth Elis to take 80 kids to see ‘Black Panther’. [Image attached]. The Greater New Milford Spectrum. https://​www​.newmilfordspectrum​.com​/sports​/dynamo​/article​/Dynamo​-s​-Alberth​-Elis​-to​-take​-80​-kids​-to​-see​-12727057​.php
Ronaldo, Cristiano
(2015, September 28): Ronaldo film Trailer [Video]. YouTube. https://​www​.youtube​.com​/watch​?v​=33gTb1v3wds
Ryan, Mark
(2007, May 20): History beckons for the world’s greatest footballer. [Image attached]. Mail Online. https://​www​.dailymail​.co​.uk​/sport​/football​/article​-456372​/History​-beckons​-worlds​-greatest​-footballer​.html
Sirenevyy Kit
(2017, September 17): Two goals Bojan Dubajic and basketball celebrating with Milan Joksimovic. [Video]. YouTube. https://​www​.youtube​.com​/watch​?v​=mQcoaKSgnMY
Smith, Alex
(2019, March 12): Cristiano Ronaldo’s ultimate disrespect to Diego Simeone after stunning comeback. [Image attached]. Mirror. https://​www​.mirror​.co​.uk​/sport​/football​/news​/cristiano​-ronaldos​-ultimate​-disrespect​-diego​-14126407
The Guardian
(2014, April 4): ‘I’m no racist’: Nicolas Anelka defends his quenelle goal celebration. [Image attached]. The Guardian. https://​www​.theguardian​.com​/football​/2014​/apr​/04​/nicolas​-anelka​-quenelle​-defence​-not​-racist
The Telegraph
(2018, July 15): Antoine Griezmann celebrates World Cup final goal with ‘disgusting’ Fortnite dance. [Image attached]. The Telegraph. https://​www​.telegraph​.co​.uk​/world​-cup​/2018​/07​/15​/antoine​-griezmann​-celebrates​-world​-cup​-final​-goal​-disgusting/
Turner, Andy
(2020, January 24): ‘I was howling’ -–The secret behind Coventry City’s latest eye-catching goal celebration. [Image attached]. Coventry Live. https://​www​.coventrytelegraph​.net​/sport​/football​/football​-news​/coventry​-city​-jordan​-shipley​-blues​-17627388
Ulmer, Markus
(2013, November 19). Fussball WM Qualifikation 2014 Playoff Rueckspiel in Stockholm Schweden – Portugal 19.11.2013 JUBEL; Portugal Torschuetze zum 0–1 Cristiano Ronaldo FOTO: Pressefoto Ulmer/Markus Ulmer. [Image data set]. Pressefoto Ulmer. http://​www​.pressefotoulmer​.de​/CMDB​/?action​=301;query​=%2BFussball+%2BWM+%2BQualifikation+%2B2014+%2BPlayoff;ofs​=105;num​=15;gid​=;mid​=;byline​=;ori​=;par​=1
(2015, September 29). Fussball Champions League Saison 2015/2016 Gruppenphase FC Bayern Muenchen – Dinamo Zagreb 29.09.2015 Torjubel Robert Lewandowski (li) und Thiago Alcantara (re, beide FC Bayern Muenchen) FOTO: Pressefoto Ulmer/Markus Ulmer. [Image data set]. Pressefoto Ulmer. http://​www​.pressefotoulmer​.de​/CMDB​/?action​=301;query​=%2BMuenchen+dat%3A29​.09​.2015%7C30​.09​.2015;ofs​=120;num​=15;gid​=;mid​=;byline​=;ori=
(2017, February 4). Fussball 1. Bundesliga Saison 2016/2017 19. Spieltag FC Bayern Muenchen – FC Schalke 04 04.02.2017 JUBEL; Torschuetze zum 1–0 Robert Lewandowski (FC Bayern Muenchen) FOTO: Pressefoto Ulmer/Markus Ulmer. [Image data set]. Pressefoto Ulmer. http://​www​.pressefotoulmer​.de​/CMDB​/?action​=301;query​=%2Blewandowski+%2B2016;ofs​=270;num​=15;gid​=;mid​=;byline​=;ori​=;par​=1
Varley, Ciaran
Vurley, Callum
(2019, October 12): Liverpool fans get nostalgic over Emile Heskey celebration after wonder goal. [Image attached]. Daily Star. https://​www​.dailystar​.co​.uk​/sport​/football​/liverpool​-fans​-nostalgic​-over​-emile​-20566444
Wakui, Hidetoshi
(2014, November 27): Hidetoshi Wakui Goal Celebration 2014 Best1 Bowling ball (Estonian League). [Video]. YouTube. https://​www​.youtube​.com​/watch​?v​=aAgp6ttk2wY
West, Aaron
West Ham United FC
(2018, January 19): Nine things you need to know about new signing Issa Diop. [Image attached]. West Ham United FC. https://​www​.whufc​.com​/news​/articles​/2018​/june​/19​-june​/nine​-things​-you​-need​-know​-about​-new​-signing​-issa​-diop
Whaling, James
(2015, February 7): Mesut Ozil’s goal celebration explained: Arsenal player’s North London derby opener dedicated to recently born baby niece Mira. [Image attached]. Mirror. https://​www​.mirror​.co​.uk​/sport​/football​/news​/mesut​-ozils​-goal​-celebration​-explained​-5121125
Wilson, Jonathan
(2018, July 7): Hats off to Artem Dzyuba, Russia’s comeback king whose goals are carrying the World Cup hopes of a nation. [Image attached]. Evening Standard. https://​www​.standard​.co​.uk​/sport​/football​/worldcup​/hats​-off​-artem​-dzyuba​-russia​-comeback​-king​-goals​-carrying​-world​-cup​-hopes​-of​-a​-nation​-a3881736​.html
Winters, Max
(2019, December 13): ‘The idea is to talk less and play more’: Neymar reveals meaning behind his new celebration after putting his finger to his lips following Champions League strike against Galatasaray. [Image attached]. Mail Online. https://​www​.dailymail​.co​.uk​/sport​/football​/article​-7788805​/Neymar​-reveals​-meaning​-new​-celebration​-PSG​.html
Woolford, Anthony
(2016, August 8): What is the Ayatollah? Why do Cardiff City fans do it? And why did former Swansea City star Jazz Richards spark controversy? [Image attached]. Wales Online. https://​www​.walesonline​.co​.uk​/sport​/football​/football​-news​/what​-ayatollah​-cardiff​-city​-fans​-11717867
Wright, Duncan
(2017, March 15): Rum punch. Wes Morgan’s Champions League celebration was cheeky promotion for sponsor Captain Morgan rum. [Image attached]. The Sun. https://​www​.thesun​.co​.uk​/sport​/football​/3093937​/wes​-morgan​-champions​-league​-celebration​-captain​-morgan​-rum/