Edited by Yo Matsumoto and Kazuhiro Kawachi
[Human Cognitive Processing 69] 2020
► pp. 205–234
Chapter 7Should Talmy’s motion typology be expanded to visual
An investigation into expressions of motion, agentive motion, and visual motion in Sidaama (Sidamo)
This chapter addresses the question of whether or not Talmy’s (1985, 1991, 2000b) motion typology should be expanded to visual motion (Matsumoto 2001, 2017; Slobin 2009; Cifuentes-Férez 2014), by examining how Sidaama (Cushitic; Ethiopia) expresses (i) self-agentive/non-agentive motion, (ii) agentive motion, and (iii) fictive motion along a visual emanation path. It shows that although this language closely follows the verb-framed pattern in expressing (i) and (ii), it does not do so in expressing (iii), as in many other verb-framed languages. A possible reason for this is that (iii) is not conceptualized as a macro-event, whereas Talmy’s typology is built on expression patterns of macro-events. This study also observes that there are other types of events to which Talmy’s typology does not apply, presumably for the same reason: they are not really macro-events.
- 2.Literature review
- 3.1Profile of Sidaama and morphemes used for motion events
- 3.2Multiple-verb constructions in Sidaama
- 3.3Patterns of expressing self-agentive/non-agentive motion and
agentive motion events in Sidaama
- 3.3.1Motion events with a manner of motion as a co-event
- 3.3.2Motion events with a means of causation as a co-event
- 3.4Patterns of expressing visual emanation events in Sidaama
- 4.Analysis and discussion
- 4.1Can visual emanation be conceptualized as a macro-event?
- 4.2Another type of case where V-languages can deviate from their characteristic pattern
- 4.3Types of cases where Sidaama can deviate from the V-language pattern
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