Hugo Schuchardts Beitrag Zur Allgemeinen Sprachwissenschaft
This article attempts to rehabilitate Hugo Schuchardt (1842–1927) as a general linguist. It tries to show that the many polemics of his take all their source in a rejection of a reifying vision of language, be it his critique of the ‘organicist conception of language’ (largely associated with the work of August Schleicher), of the ‘blind action of phonetic laws concerning any given dialect’ (a position held by the Neogrammarians), or of the Saussurean dichotomies. Instead, Schuchardt prefers a conception of language as a dynamic activity in which the individual and society as well as the mixture of languages play a central part. As a result, Schuchardt’s interest in and focus on (what appeared to many of his contemporaries as) marginal phenomena (creoles, pidgins, language contacts, universal language) is not a matter of accident, but directly related to his permanent and rigorous questioning of the dominant tenets in the field, a position he thought to be essential to any progress in linguistic science.
Published online: 01 January 1989
Ascoli, Graziado Isaia
1989b “Schuchardt et la conception individualiste de l’étymologie: La polémique avec A. Thomas sur l’étymologie de trouver et caillou (1899–1905)”. Discours étymologiques (Actes du Colloque organisé à l’occasion du centenaire de Walter von Wartburg (1888–1971) 16–18 mai 1988, Universités de Mulhouse, Basel & Freiburg).
Brugmann, Karl & Hermann Osthoff
Caussat, Pierre & Claudine Normand
Coelho, Francisco Adolpho
RLPC. Revue de linguistique et de philologie comparée
Rousselot, (Abbé), Pierre
Saussure, Ferdinand de
Cited by 1 other publications
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