Chapter published in:Dynamics of Linguistic Diversity
Edited by Hagen Peukert and Ingrid Gogolin
[Hamburg Studies on Linguistic Diversity 6] 2017
► pp. 235–258
Linguistic habitus and hierarchies in the (new) multilingual city
This article offers an overview of the multilingual city of Dublin. We draw on research undertaken for the LUCIDE (Languages in Urban Communities: Integration and Diversity for Europe) network to describe the rapid linguistic diversification that occurred as recently as the 1990s. Yet English, the global lingua franca and Ireland’s second official language (with Irish), remains the dominant language of city life. Dublin is constitutionally bilingual, normatively monolingual, yet actually multilingual. Its historically evolved language policy and linguistic habitus matter to how we describe and discuss this (new) multilingual city. We apply a scalar lens to multilingualism in Dublin to show the vertical layering of language in two districts of economic activity, one regenerated from ‘above’, the other from ‘below’. We show how the city’s linguistic habitus, combined with the conditions of language and cultural diversification from the 1990s, serve to index languages in the urban environment. Some suggestions for further research are also made.
- The LUCIDE research network: Aims and methods
- Researching multilingual Dublin: Context and background
- Population diversity in Dublin
- The language policy context
- Multilingual Dublin: Economic regeneration, language distribution, ordered indexicalities
- Multilingualism in the Dublin Docklands: Affordances and challenges of the monolingual habitus
- The north inner city: Commercialism and contradictions in a highly multilingual area
- Stakeholder input
- Conclusion & suggestions for further research
Published online: 24 May 2017
Blommaert, J., Collins, J. & Slembrouck, S.
Breckner, I., Peukert, H. & Pinto, A.
2013 The delicate search for language in spaces. Multilingualism as a resource in urban development? In Multilingualism and Language Diversity in Urban Areas. Acquisition, Identities, Space, Education [Hamburg Studies on Linguistic Diversity 1], P. Siemund, I. Gogolin, M.E. Schulz & J. Davydova (eds), 209–226. Amsterdam: John Benjamins.
Carson, L., McMonagle, S. & Murphy, D.
Central Statistics Office (CSO)
Cities for Local Integration Policy (CLIP.)
2012 Ethnic Entrepreneurship. Case Study: Dublin, Ireland. European Foundation for the Improvement of Living and Working Conditions. 13 January 2012. http://www.eurofound.europa.eu/publications/htmlfiles/ef11218.htm (4 January 2016).
Collins, J., Slembrouck, S. & Baynham, M.
Council of Europe
Department of Jobs, Enterprise and Innovation (DJEI)
2013 Facebook creates more than 100 new roles in fresh investment in Dubli, 18 February 2013, https://www.djei.ie/en/News-And-Events/Department-news/2013/February/Facebook-creates-more-than-100-new-roles-in-fresh-investment-in-Dublin-9834.html (04 January 2016).
2013 Who are you? Cultural associations in (self-)othering and cultural identity negotiation among Russian-speaking adolescents from Russia and Latvia in Ireland. In Negotiating Linguistic, Social and Cultural Identities in the Post-Soviet World, S. Smyth & C. Opitz (eds), 111–140. Frankfurt: Peter Lang.
2006 Eurobarometer Survey: Europeans and their Languages. Brussels, February 2006. http://ec.europa.eu/public_opinion/archives/ebs/ebs_243_sum_en.pdf (4 January 2016).
2012 Eurobarometer Survey: Europeans and their Languages. Brussels, June 2012. http://ec.europa.eu/public_opinion/archives/ebs/ebs_386_en.pdf (4 January 2016).
Expert Group on Future Skills Needs
2010 National Skills Bulletin 2010. July 2010. http://www.skillsireland.ie/media/egfsn100701-national_skills_bulletin_2010.pdf (4 January 2016).
Fahey, T. & Fanning, B.
Fanning, B., & Mac Éinrí, P.
2005 Languages and Enterprise. The Demand & Supply of Foreign Skills in the Enterprise Sector. May 2005 <http://edepositireland.ie/bitstream/handle/2262/69852/egfsn050608_foreign_languages_skills.pdf?sequence=1&isAllowed=y (4 January 2016).
2011 Eastern promise as city bosses plan official Oriental quarter, herald.ie. 20 April 2011, http://www.herald.ie/news/eastern-promise-as-city-bosses-plan-an-official-oriental-quarter-27978211.html (4 January 2016).
Gogolin, I., Siemund, P., Schulz, M. & Davydova, J.
Houses of the Oireachtas
2013 Skills Shortages. 21 February 2013. http://oireachtasdebates.oireachtas.ie/debates%20authoring/debateswebpack.nsf/takes/dail2013022100048 (4 January 2016).
2012 Monitoring Integration in Dublin City: Challenges and Responses. Full Report March 2012. http://www.integrationcentre.ie/getattachment/47953146-2168-4da1-9bf2-2a775846ffd6/Monitoring-Integration-in-Dublin-City–Full-Report.aspx (4 January 2016).
Keogh, E. & Hilliard, M.
Krings, T., Wickham, J., Bobek, A. & Salamońska, J.
2008 Migrant Workers and the Irish Software Sector. A Preliminary Report from the Migrant Careers and Aspirations Research Project. Dublin: Trinity College, Trinity Immigration Initiative.18 December 2008. http://www.tcd.ie/immigration/css/downloads/Software_report_final_19_12_MCA.pdf (4 January 2016).
Leeman, J., & Modan, G.
Little, D.G. & Lazenby Simpson, B.
Mottiar, Z. & Walsh, L.
Royal Irish Academy
2011 National Languages Strategy. Dublin: Royal Irish Academy National Committee for Modern Language, Literary and Cultural Studies. https://www.ria.ie/sites/default/files/national_languages_strategy_august_2011.pdf (4 January 2016).
Singleton, D., Regan, V. & Debaene, E.
Tufi, S. & Blackwood, R.