Article published in:
International Journal of Corpus Linguistics
Vol. 24:4 (2019) ► pp. 413444


Usage Fluctuation Analysis


Primary sources [4] 4

Annand, W.
(1661) Panem quotidianum, or, A short discourse tending to prove the legality, decency, and expediency of set forms of prayer in the churches of Christ with a particular defence of the book of common prayer of the Church of England. London.Google Scholar
Corbet, J.
(1646) [no title]. London.Google Scholar
Cuff, H.
(1607) The differences of the ages of mans life together with the originall causes, progresse, and end thereof. London.Google Scholar
Everard, J.
(1618) The arriereban a sermon preached to the company of the military yarde, at St. Andrewes Church in Holborne at St. Iames his day last. London.Google Scholar
Humfrey, R.
(1607) The conflict of Job. London.Google Scholar
Hurst, H.
(1678) The revival of grace in the vigour and fragrancy of it by a due application of the blood of Christ to the root thereof. London.Google Scholar
Latimer, H.
(1661) The preaching bishop reproving unpreaching prelates. London.Google Scholar
Norden, J.
(1619) An eye to heaven in earth. London.Google Scholar
Penington, I.
(1659) [no title]. London.Google Scholar
Pollock, R., & Holland, H.
(1603) Lectures upon the Epistle of Paul to the Colossians. London.Google Scholar
Sala, A.
(1619) Opiologia: or, A treatise concerning the nature, properties, true preparation and safe use and administration of opium. London.Google Scholar
Savage, H.
(1663) The dew of Hermon which fell upon the hill of Sion, or, An answer to a book entituled, Sions groans for her distressed, &c. London.Google Scholar
Sclater, W.
(1619) Exposition with notes upon the first Epistle to the Thessalonians. London.Google Scholar
Secker, W.
(1660) [no title]. London.Google Scholar
[ p. 442 ]
Tavernier, J.
(1677) The six voyages of John Baptista Tavernier, Baron of Aubonne. London.Google Scholar
Topsell, E.
(1658) The history of four-footed beasts and serpents describing at large their true and lively figure, their several names, conditions, kinds, virtues… London.Google Scholar
Trapp, J.
(1649) [no title]. London.Google Scholar
Vilvain, R.
(1654) [no title]. London.Google Scholar
William, J.
(1659) [no title]. London.Google Scholar

Secondary sources

Baker, H., Brezina, V., & McEnery, T.
(2017) Ireland in parliamentary debates. In T. Säily, A. Nurmi, M. Palander-Collin & A. Auer (Eds.). Exploring Future Paths for Historical Sociolinguistics (pp. 83–107). Amsterdam/Philadelphia, PA: John Benjamins. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Baker, H., McEnery, T., & Hardie, A.
(2017) A corpus-based investigation into English representations of Turks and Ottomans in the early modern period. In M. Pace-Sigge & K. Patterson (Eds.), Lexical Priming: Applications and Advances (pp. 42–66). Amsterdam/Philadelphia, PA: John Benjamins. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Baker, P.
(2004) Querying keywords: Questions of difference, frequency and sense in keywords analysis. Journal of English Linguistics, 32(4), 346–359. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Biber, D., Johansson, S., Leech, G., Conrad, S. & Finegan, E.
(1999) Longman Grammar of Spoken and Written English. Longman: London.Google Scholar
Brezina, V.
(2018) Statistics in Corpus Linguistics: A Practical Guide. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Brezina, V., McEnery, T., & Wattam, S.
(2015) Collocations in context: A new perspective on collocation networks. International Journal of Corpus Linguistics, 20(2), 139–173. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
The British National Corpus
, version 3 (BNC XML Edition) (2007) Distributed by Bodleian Libraries, University of Oxford, on behalf of the BNC Consortium. Available from http://​www​.natcorp​.ox​.ac​.uk/ (last accessed August 2019).
Cha, S. H.
(2007) Comprehensive survey on distance similarity measures between probability density functions. International Journal of Mathematical Models and Methods in Applied Sciences, 1(4), 300–307.Google Scholar
Choi, S. S., Cha, S. H., & Tappert, C. C.
(2010) A survey of binary similarity and distance measures. Journal of Systemics, Cybernetics and Informatics, 8(1), 43–48.Google Scholar
Clark, S.
(2015) Vector space models of lexical meaning. In Lappin, S., & Fox, C. (Eds.), The Handbook of Contemporary Semantic Theory (pp. 493–522). John Wiley & Sons: Oxford. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Culpeper, J. & Kytö, M.
(2010) Early Modern English Dialogues: Spoken Interaction as Writing. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
Eger, S., & Mehler, A.
(2016) On the linearity of semantic change: Investigating meaning variation via dynamic graph models. arXiv preprint arXiv:1704.02497.Google Scholar
Evert, S.
(2008) Corpora and collocations. In A. Lüdeling & M. Kytö (Eds.), Corpus Linguistics: An International Handbook (pp. 1212–1248). Berlin: de Gruyter.Google Scholar
Firth, J. R.
(1957) A synopsis of linguistic theory 1930–1955. In Studies in Linguistic Analysis (pp. 1–32). Oxford: Blackwell.Google Scholar
[ p. 443 ]
Friedman, J. H., & Stuetzle, W.
(1982) Smoothing of Scatterplots. Technical Report ORION006. Stanford, CA: Stanford University, Dept. of Statistics. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Gablasova, D., Brezina, V., & McEnery, T.
(2017) Collocations in corpus-based language learning research: Identifying, comparing, and interpreting the evidence. Language Learning, 67(S1), 155–179. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Gabrielatos, C., McEnery, T., Diggle, P. & Baker, P.
(2012) The peaks and troughs of corpus-based contextual analysis. International Journal of Corpus Linguistics, 37(2), 151–175. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Gries, S. T., & Hilpert, M.
(2010) Modeling diachronic change in the third person singular: A multifactorial, verb-and author-specific exploratory approach. English Language & Linguistics, 14(3), 293–320. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Gwet, K. L.
(2008) Computing inter-rater reliability and its variance in the presence of high agreement. British Journal of Mathematical and Statistical Psychology, 61, 29–48. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Harris, Z.
(1954) Distributional structure. Word, 10(23), 146–162. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Hastie, T. J.
(1990) Generalized Additive Models. Boca Raton, FL: CRC.Google Scholar
Hilpert, M. & Perek, F.
(2015) Meaning change in a petri dish: Constructions, semantic vector spaces, and motion charts. Linguistics Vanguard, 1(1), 339–350. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Hoey, M.
(2005) Lexical Priming: A New Theory of Words and Language. Routledge: London.Google Scholar
Hunston, S.
(2002) Corpora in Applied Linguistics. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Kelsall, J. E., & Diggle, P. J.
(1998) Spatial variation in risk of disease: A nonparametric binary regression approach. Journal of the Royal Statistical Society: Series C (Applied Statistics), 47(4), 559–573. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Kutuzov, A., Øvrelid, L., Szymanski, T., & Velldal, E.
(2018) Diachronic word embeddings and semantic shifts: A survey. In E. M. Bender, L. Derczynski & P. Isabelle (Eds.), Proceedings of the 27th International Conference on Computational Linguistics (pp. 1384–1397). Santa Fe, NM: Association for Computational Linguistics. Retrieved from https://​aclweb​.org​/anthology​/papers​/C​/C18​/C18​-1117/ (last accessed August 2019).
Labov, W.
(1994) Principles of Linguistic Change, Volume 1: Internal Factors. Oxford: John Wiley & Sons.Google Scholar
Love, R., Dembry, C., Hardie, A., Brezina, V., & McEnery, T.
(2017) The Spoken BNC2014. International Journal of Corpus Linguistics, 22(3), 319–344. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Mair, C.
(1997) Corpora and the study of the major varieties of English: Issues and results. In H. Lindquist, S. Klintborg, M. Levin & M. Estling (Eds.). Papers from MAVEN 97 (pp. 139–158). Växjo: Växjo Universitet.Google Scholar
McEnery, T.
(2006) Swearing in English: Bad Language, Purity and Power from 1586 to the Present. London and New York, NY: Routledge.Google Scholar
McEnery, T., & Baker, H.
(2017a) Corpus Linguistics and 17th-century Prostitution: Computational Linguistics and History. Bloomsbury: London.Google Scholar
McEnery, T., & Baker, H. S.
(2017b) The poor in seventeenth-century England: A corpus based analysis. Token: A Journal for English Linguistics, 6, 51–83.Google Scholar
Nevalainen, T.
(1999) Making the best use of ‘bad’ data: Evidence for sociolinguistic variation in Early Modern English. Neuphilologische Mitteilungen, 100(4), 499–533.Google Scholar
[ p. 444 ]
(2015) Descriptive adequacy of the S-curve in diachronic studies of language change. Studies in Variation, Contacts and Change in English, 16. Retrieved from http://​www​.helsinki​.fi​/varieng​/series​/volumes​/16​/nevalainen/ (last accessed August 2019).
Nevalainen, T. & Raumolin-Brunberg, H.
(1994) Its beauty and the beauty of it: The standardization of the third person neuter possessive in Early Modern English. In D. Stein & I. Tienen-Boob van Ostade (Eds.), Towards a Standard English, 1600–1800 (pp. 171–216), Berlin: de Gruyter.Google Scholar
(2003) Historical Sociolinguistics: Language Change in Tudor and Stuart England. Harlow: Pearson Education.Google Scholar
Sauerbrei, W., Meier-Hirmer, C., Benner, A., & Royston, P.
(2006) Multivariable regression model building by using fractional polynomials: Description of SAS, STATA and R programs. Computational Statistics & Data Analysis, 50(12), 3464–3485. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Sinclair, J., Jones, S., & Daley, R.
(2004) English Collocation Studies: The OSTI Report. London: Bloomsbury. (Original work published 1970)Google Scholar
Wood, S. N.
(2017) Generalized Additive Models: An Introduction with R. Boca Raton, FL: Chapman and Hall/CRC. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Cited by

Cited by 2 other publications

McEnery, Tony, Helen Baker & Vaclav Brezina
2021.  In Time in Languages, Languages in Time [Studies in Corpus Linguistics, 101],  pp. 9 ff. Crossref logo
Čermáková, Anna, Thomas Egan, Hilde Hasselgård & Sylvi Rørvik
2021.  In Time in Languages, Languages in Time [Studies in Corpus Linguistics, 101],  pp. 1 ff. Crossref logo

This list is based on CrossRef data as of 28 august 2021. Please note that it may not be complete. Sources presented here have been supplied by the respective publishers. Any errors therein should be reported to them.