Statistics play an important role in analyzing data in applied linguistics research. Given the increase over time in the field’s
reliance on quantitative analysis (Brown, 2004; Gass, 2009), statistical literacy is critical for both producers and consumers of L2 research. Although there has been
some investigation into statistical literacy among applied linguists, no research to date has examined how such literacy is
obtained by masters and doctoral students in the field. The present study investigated the development of statistical literacy in
a sample of such students taking semester-long discipline-specific quantitative research methods courses. Participants completed a
pre-course and post-course survey. The results indicate that participants increased their knowledge of basic descriptive
statistics and common inferential statistics to a great extent. Furthermore, participants reported that they felt more confident
interpreting and using statistics. Based on these findings, recommendations for improving methodological practices and graduate
training in our field are provided.
(2011) Study quality in SLA: A cumulative and developmental assessment of designs, analyses, reporting practices, and outcomes in quantitative L2 research (Unpublished doctoral dissertation). Michigan State University, East Lansing, MI.
(2013) Study quality in SLA: An assessment of designs, analyses, and reporting practices in quantitative L2 research. Studies in Second Language Acquisition, 351, 655–687.
(Ed.) (2015a) Advancing quantitative methods in second language research. New York, NY: Routledge.
(2015b) Quantitative considerations for improving replicability in CALL and applied linguistics. CALICO Journal, 32(2), 232–244.
(2015c) Statistical power, p values, descriptive statistics, and effect sizes: A “back-to-basics” approach to advancing quantitative methods in L2 research. In L. Plonsky (Ed.), Advancing quantitative methods in second language research (pp. 23–45). New York, NY: Routledge.
Plonsky, L., & Derrick, D. J.
(2016) A meta-analysis of reliability coefficients in second language research. Modern Language Journal, 1001, 538–553.
Plonsky, L., Egbert, J., & LaFlair, G. T.
(2014) Bootstrapping in applied linguistics: Assessing its potential using shared data. Applied Linguistics, 1–21.
Plonsky, L., & Gass, S.
(2011) Quantitative research methods, study quality, and outcomes: The case of interaction research. Language Learning, 61(2), 325–366.
Plonsky, L., & Gonulal, T.
(2015) Methodological synthesis in quantitative L2 research: A review of reviews and a case study of exploratory factor analysis. Language Learning, 65(S1), 9–36.
Plonsky, L., & Oswald, F. L.
(2016) Multiple regression as a flexible alternative to ANOVA in L2 research. Studies in Second Language Acquisition, 1–14.
Teleni, V., & Baldauf, R. B.
(1989) Statistical techniques used in three applied linguistics journals: Language Learning, Applied Linguistics, and TESOL Quarterly, 1980–1986: Implications for readers and researchers. Unpublished research report. (ERIC Document Reproduction Service No. ED312905).
Wallman, K. K.
(1993) Enhancing statistical literacy: Enriching our society. Journal of the American Statistical Association, 88(421), 1–8.
(1999) Statistical methods in psychology journals: Guidelines and explanations. American psychologist, 54(8), 594–604.
(2014) Testing hypotheses about language learning using structural equation modeling. Annual Review of Applied Linguistics, 341, 102–122.
Cited by 14 other publications
AMİRİAN, Seyed Mohammad Reza & Saeed ABBASİ-SOSFADİ
2021. Fear of Statistics among TEFL Postgraduate Students. Eurasian Journal of Applied Linguistics► pp. 202 ff.
De Costa, Peter I., Wendy Li & Hima Rawal
2019. Qualitative Classroom Methods. In The Cambridge Handbook of Language Learning, ► pp. 111 ff.
Gass, Susan, Shawn Loewen & Luke Plonsky
2021. Coming of age: the past, present, and future of quantitative SLA research. Language Teaching 54:2 ► pp. 245 ff.
2021. Quantitative Research Methods and the Reform Movement in Applied Linguistics. In Research Questions in Language Education and Applied Linguistics [Springer Texts in Education, ], ► pp. 749 ff.
Razavipour, Kioumars & Behnaz Raji
2022. Reliability of measuring constructs in applied linguistics research: a comparative study of domestic and international graduate theses. Language Testing in Asia 12:1
Yulindra, Devi, Annisa Swastika, H. R. P. Negara, Rini Setyaningsih & Adi Nurcahyo
2023. 5TH INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON INNOVATIVE DESIGN, ANALYSIS & DEVELOPMENT PRACTICES IN AEROSPACE & AUTOMOTIVE ENGINEERING: I-DAD’22 [5TH INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON INNOVATIVE DESIGN, ANALYSIS & DEVELOPMENT PRACTICES IN AEROSPACE & AUTOMOTIVE ENGINEERING: I-DAD’22, 2766], ► pp. 020075 ff.
Zhang, Peixin & Chao Han
2023. Examining statistical literacy, attitudes toward statistics, and statistics self‐efficacy among applied linguistics research students in China. International Journal of Applied Linguistics
Zhang, Yifan & Vahid Aryadoust
2022. A Systematic Review of the Validity of Questionnaires in Second Language Research. Education Sciences 12:10 ► pp. 723 ff.
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