Article published in:Restructuring Chinese Speech Communities: Urbanization, language contact and identity formation
Edited by Marinus van den Berg
[Journal of Asian Pacific Communication 26:1] 2016
► pp. 81–111
Urbanization, education, and language behavior
The case of Jilin University students
This paper reports the language behavior of a sample of Jilin University students. The data were collected in 2008, and a total of 2682 questionnaires were processed. The sample was detailed as to place-of-origin, year of study, college, and gender, and addressed language behavior and language attitude. Students originated from three areas: the Northeast, the Mandarin dialect area, and Southeastern China. Most students came from township environments and grew up there. The NE is relatively more urbanized as the result of early industrialization, but the Southeast, as regards family income, was the richer area. The study relates the reported language behavior to urban status, education and income level of parents, as well as to level of PTH pronunciation. It also addressed students’ attitude toward Putonghua dominance, and code-switching. Code-switching with English words also was studied. Generally, proportionally more students with backgrounds in major urban centers (provincial cities and municipalities) claim Putonghua as first and best language than students originating from townships. Larger numbers of students with the latter background, however, show increased proficiency in Putonghua. Language use data, finally, make clear that in all three areas, the local and regional dialects are the majority means of communication, whereas the use of Putonghua increases across generations from grandparents to same generation kin.
Keywords: code-switching, language attitude, social status parents, urbanization level, education, language behavior
Published online: 16 June 2016
Simmons, Richard VanNess
(2012) Mandarin varieties: The colloquial Chinese of Northeast China and its subgroups. Paper presented at ULS10, Managing Linguistic Diversities. Utrecht University, August 17-19.
Tang, Chaoju, & Van Heuven, Vincent J.
(2010) Predicting mutual intelligibility in Chinese dialects from subjective and objective linguistic similarity. In M.E. van den Berg & Daming Xu (Eds.), Industrialization and the restructuring of speech communities in China and Europe (pp. 91–119). Newcastle upon Tyne: Cambridge Scholars Publishing.
Van den Berg, M.E.
(2009) The developing bilingual situation in Southern China: Language behaviour practices in Guangzhou and Shenzhen. Paper presented at ISB 7, Utrecht, Friday 10 July.
Cited by 1 other publications
Yin, Xiaorong & Guofang Li
This list is based on CrossRef data as of 15 september 2021. Please note that it may not be complete. Sources presented here have been supplied by the respective publishers. Any errors therein should be reported to them.