Article published in:Occupy: The spatial dynamics of discourse in global protest movements
Edited by Luisa Martín Rojo
[Journal of Language and Politics 13:4] 2014
► pp. 755–780
Persian Nationalism, Identity and Anti-Arab Sentiments in Iranian Facebook Discourses
Critical Discourse Analysis and Social Media Communication
This study adopts a Critical Discourse Analytical approach to investigate how a form of Iranian national(ist) identity is (re)constructed and (re)presented on a popular Facebook Page called Persian Gulf. It focuses on linguistic practices of the Iranian side of the debate over the name of this body of water. After briefly discussing some of the challenges of applying CDA to a participatory web platform e.g. Facebook, This paper explores the characteristics of the Persian identity discourse in the way that it is utilised to legitimize the name Persian Gulf vs. the claim to the name Arabian Gulf. The paper concludes that the emergent Persian national/ist identity discourse is strongly preoccupied with opposing a perceived cultural invasion of the Arabic Other in its emphatic defence of the name Persian Gulf but in the meantime it aspires to distinguish itself from the officially propagated Islamic identity. It is also shown that aspects pertaining to powerfulness, defiance and conflict are the main thrusts of the discursive representation of this Self-identity.
Keywords: Critical Discourse Analysis, Social Media discourses analysis, Facebook, Nationalism, Iran, Persian Gulf, Arab identity, the Middle East
- 1. Introduction
- 2. Participatory media and critical data repositories
- 3. Social networking sites: Facebook
- 4. National identity
- 5. Persian Gulf: The name and debate
- 6. Facebook and data
- 8. Analysis and discussion
Published online: 20 February 2015
Androutsopoulos, Jannis, and Michael Beibwenger
Barton, David, and Carmen Lee
Bucholtz, Mary, and Kira Hall
Cottle, Simon, and David Nolan
Duke, Vic, and Liz Crolley
Entman, Robert. M
Fairclough, Norman., Ruth Wodak, and Jane Mulderrig
Grad, Hector, and Louisa M. Rojo
Herring, C. Susan
Kahn, Richard, and Douglas Kellner
Kelsey, Darren, and Lucy Bennett
2007 “Iran: Wobbly Mosaics of Ethnicity and Crisis of Identity. Iranian.com Feature.” Available at: http://iranian.com/Opinion/2007/January/Mosaics110/index.html (Last accessed 15/10/2014).
KhosraviNik, Majid, and Johann Unger
forthcoming. “Critical Discourse Studies and Social Media: Power, Resistance and Critique in Changing Media Ecologies.” In Methods of Critical Discourse Analysis ed. by Ruth Wodak, and Michael Meyer 3rd. Ed London SAGE
Kress, Gunther, and Theo van Leeuwen
Krzyżanowski, Michał, and Ruth Wodak
Available at: http://www.facebook.com/Persian.Gulf.Gulf (Last accessed 15/10/2014).
Rahimi, Babak, and Elham Gheytanchi
2009 The Politics of Facebook in Iran. Open Democracy. Available at: http://www.opendemocracy.net/article/email/the-politics-of-facebook-in-iran (Last accessed 15/10/2014).
Reisigl, Martin, and Ruth Wodak
Richardson, John. E
Sreberny, Annabelle, and Gholam Khiabany
Triandafyllidou, Anna, and Ruth Wodak
Thurlow, Crispin, and Kristine Mroczek
2012 “New Tools for Critical Discourse Studies in New Media Contexts.” CADAAD 2012, University of Minho, Braga, Portugal.
Wodak, Ruth, Rudolf De Cilla, Martin Reisigl, and Karin Liebhart
Cited by 3 other publications
Boyd, Michael S.
Kalim, Salma & Fauzia Janjua
This list is based on CrossRef data as of 05 april 2019. Please note that it may not be complete. Sources presented here have been supplied by the respective publishers. Any errors therein should be reported to them.