Edited by Bettelou Los and Pieter de Haan
[Linguistik Aktuell/Linguistics Today 243] 2017
► pp. 79–99
Chapter 5Optional V2 in modern Afrikaans
Probing a Germanic peculiarity
This chapter investigates an embedded V2 option that features prominently in modern spoken Afrikaans, while being either completely barred or heavily restricted in other V2 languages: embedded wh-V2. This option, which is available in all wh-complements, freely alternates with its prescriptively correct V-final counterpart, and does not, as in colloquial varieties of English, bear the illocutionary force of a â€œtrue questionâ€. To capture these peculiar distributional and interpretive facts, I propose a novel link to a further distinctive property of modern Afrikaans: its negative concord requirement. Appealing to the plausible origins of the obligatory clause-final nie-concord element as a discourse tag-element that would initially have been adjoined to CP, I argue that its prescriptively imposed obligatory integration into the clausal spine produced a new CP-peripheral projection, Pol(arity)P(hrase). Acquirersâ€™ predilection to generalize the structures in their grammars led to PolPâ€™s generalization to all clause-types, making modern-day Afrikaans clauses consistently â€œbiggerâ€ than those of its (West) Germanic counterparts. If McCloskey (2006) is correct in assuming that selected/complement Cs bar raised verbs â€“ the so-called Kayne-Rizzi-Roberts effect â€“ the presence of this extra, â€œinsulatingâ€ layer will account for the consistent possibility of V2-creating V-to-C movement in all Afrikaans clausal complements, and not just those that permit this option in Germanic languages more generally.
- 2. The data and their interest
- 3.A proposed analysis
- 3.1 Negation in Modern Afrikaans
- 3.2The diachrony of Afrikaans negation
- 3.3The connection between Afrikaans nie2 and embedded wh-V2
Cited by 4 other publications
This list is based on CrossRef data as of 01 january 2023. Please note that it may not be complete. Sources presented here have been supplied by the respective publishers. Any errors therein should be reported to them.