Humor understanding and knowledge
According to the cognitive approach to humour, understanding of humorous texts implies a moment of surprise, even confusion of thought, produced by the recognition of an incongruity, defined as an incoherent piece of the text. The problem solving activity involved in humor understanding aims at resolving the incongruity. Our goal is to contribute to better define the surprise experience by describing its epistemic and evidential aspects. The tested hypothesis, verified through “thinking aloud method” and the descriptive tools provided by the Known-Unknown-Believed theory, is that this phase of humor understanding is linked to the worlds of knowledge of unknown and believed, referred to by means of consistent linguistic markers. The hypothesis resulted to be confirmed both for jokes and cartoons.
Keywords: surprise, incongruity, certainty, uncertainty, resolution, knowing/unknowing/believing stance, evidentiality, epistemicity
Published online: 15 September 2014
Apter, Michael J.
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Berlyne, Daniel E.
Bongelli, Ramona, and Andrzej Zuczkowski
Bongelli, Ramona, Carla Canestrari, Ilaria Riccioni, Andrzej Zuczkowski, Cinzia Buldorini, Ricardo Pietrobon, Alberto Lavelli, and Bernardo Magnini
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Hempelmann, Christian F., and Willibald Ruch
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Ortony, Andrew, and Derek Partridge
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Shultz, Thomas R., and Frances Horibe
Shultz, Thomas R., and Robert Pilon
Suls, Jerry M.
Van Someren, Maarten W., Yvonne F. Barnard, and Jacobijn A.C. Sandberg
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Canestrari, Carla, Gonzalo Del Moral Arroyo, Angelo Carrieri, Morena Muzi & Alessandra Fermani
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