Article published in:Morphology and its interfaces: Syntax, semantics and the lexicon
Edited by Dany Amiot, Delphine Tribout, Natalia Grabar, Cédric Patin and Fayssal Tayalati
[Lingvisticæ Investigationes 37:2] 2014
► pp. 256–274
Bleaching, productivity and debonding of prefixoids
A corpus-based analysis of ‘giant’ in German and Swedish
In this paper, we present a contrastive survey of a morpheme originally meaning ‘giant’ in German and Swedish. In both languages, this morpheme has developed into a prefixoid with simile or intensifying meaning. More recently, these prefixoids have been shown to occur as free morphemes as well, and it is the purpose of this paper to explore whether a quantitative analysis of synchronic corpus data can be used to determine whether the free forms are spelling variants, or whether they are truly new constructions that are the result of debonding. Drawing data from the COW corpus of contemporary web text, we compare bound and free forms on the levels of R1 collocations, semantic bleaching, and productivity. Our analysis suggests that the German prefixoid has undergone debonding, whereas the Swedish free forms are mere spelling variants.
Keywords: prefixoids, compounding, debonding, productivity, semantic bleaching, Swedish, German, corpus linguistics
Published online: 22 May 2015
Cited by 11 other publications
No author info given
Battefeld, Malte, Torsten Leuschner & Gudrun Rawoens
Heine, Bernd, Heiko Narrog & Haiping Long
Hendrikx, Isa, Kristel Van Goethem & Stefanie Wulff
Norde, Muriel & Caroline Morris
Norde, Muriel & Kristel Van Goethem
Van Goethem, Kristel & Nikos Koutsoukos
Van Goethem, Kristel & Muriel Norde
Van Goethem, Kristel, Muriel Norde, Evie Coussé & Gudrun Vanderbauwhede
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