Edited by Laura Gurzynski-Weiss
[Language Learning & Language Teaching 53] 2020
► pp. 52–75
Chapter 3. The effect of proficiency, gender, and learning style on the occurrence of negotiated interaction in communicative task performance
Apart from positive evidence, or information about what is possible in the target language (TL), second language learners also need negative evidence, or information about what is not possible in the TL, and opportunities to engage in output production (Gass, 2003). As postulated by the cognitive-interactionist approach, these conditions can be met through opportunities for negotiated interaction. Building on previous research (e.g., Gass & Varonis, 1986; Iwashita, 2001; Porter, 1996; Rassaei, 2015), this study investigated the impact of English learners’ proficiency, gender, and learning style on the occurrence, nature, and outcomes of negotiation in two tasks, which differed with respect to the presence of information gap. Results provide some evidence for the mediating role of gender and learning style but not proficiency, with task type being an important mediating variable.