More than Native American narratives
Temporal shifting and authentic identities
The goal of this research is to understand how Native American storytellers challenge stereotypes and reclaim ‘authentic identities’ for themselves and their listeners with the stories that they tell. Employing qualitative methodology — thematic analysis, grounded theory, and narrative analysis — I examine one hundred and three stories featured on two affiliated websites that have recorded stories told by Native American elders, historians, storytellers, and song carriers. I find that the storytellers construct subversive narratives that challenge “the Native American” stereotypes, mythologies, and formula stories that circulate through the dominant culture. Temporal shifting, a new concept I develop in this paper, facilitates in the construction of what the storytellers believe to be an “authentic” identity. Temporal shifting, as I define it, is the past/present division in the double-consciousness of a marginalized person — it is a tool used to construct subversive stories. This research expands sociological understanding of Native Americans in general and Native American storytellers, in particular. I also introduce a new concept, temporal shifting, to the fields of critical race theory, cognitive sociology, and symbolic interactionism as an analytical device to use when looking at marginalized peoples’ narrative identities.
Brekhus, W.H., Brunsma, D., Platts, T., & Dua, P
) On the contributions of cognitive sociology to the sociological study of race
. Sociology Compass
, 41, 61–76.
) Constructing grounded theory: A practical guide through qualitative analysis
. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications.
) Negotiating with narrative
. American Anthropologist
, 99(1), 56–69.
) Objects, meanings, and role identities: The practices that establish association in the case of home-based employment
. Sociological Forum
, 24(1), 76–103.
Denzin, N.K., & Lincoln Y.S
) The Sage handbook of qualitative research
, (3rd ed.). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications.
Doble, J., Yarrow, D.L., Ott, A., Rochkind, J., Arumi, A., & Immerwahr, J
) Walking a mile: A first step toward mutual understanding: A qualitative study exploring how Indians and non-Indians think about each other
. Public Agenda
, 1(1), 1–32
Du Bois, W.E.B
) The souls of black folk: Essays and sketches
. Chicago, IL: University Press Cambridge.
) The economy of narrative identity
. History of Political Economy
Floersch, J., Longhofer, J., Kranke, D., & Townsend, L
) Integrating thematic, grounded theory, and narrative analysis: A case study of adolescent psychotropic treatment
. Qualitative Social Work
, 9(3), 256–272.
) Real Indians: Identity and the survival of Native America
. Berkeley, CA: University of California Press.
Gubrium, J.F., & Holstein J.A
) The everyday work and auspices of authenticity
. In P. Vannini
& J.P. Williams
(Eds.), Authenticity in culture, self, and society
(pp. 121–138). Burlington, VT: Ashgate Publishing Co.
) The presentation of self in everyday life
. New York, NY: Anchor books.
Holstein, J.A., & Gubrium, J.F
) Varieties of narrative analysis
. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.
) The study of identity as cultural, institutional, organizational, and personal narratives: Theoretical and empirical integrations
. Sociological Quarterly
, 481, 661–688.
) Native authenticity: Transnational perspectives on Native American literary studies
. Albany, NY: State University of New York Press.
) Deep economy: The wealth of communities and the durable future
. New York, NY: Times books.
Moon, J.L., Bichard, S.L., Irey, M.S., Walt, H.M., & Carlson, A.J
) Television viewing and ethnic stereotypes: Do college students form stereotypical perceptions of ethnic groups as a result of heavy television consumption? Howard Journal of Communications
, 20(1), 95–110.
) Constructing ethnicity: Creating and recreating ethnic identity and culture
. Social Problems
, 411, 1001–26.
) American Indian ethnic renewal: Red power and the resurgence of identity and culture
. New York, NY: Oxford University Press.
Paulus, Trena M., Woodside, Marianne, and Ziegler, Mary
) In search of authenticity
. Journal of Management Studies
, 42(5), 1083–1098.
) The coding manual for qualitative researchers
. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications.
) The Indians America loves to love and read: American Indian identity and cultural appropriation
. American Indian Quarterly
, 21(4), 675–702.
Tan, A., Fujiok Y., & Lucht, N
) Native American stereotypes, TV portrayals and personal contact
. Journalism and Mass Communication Quarterly
, 74(2), 265–84.
Turtle Island Storytellers Network
) Retrieved April 2014. ([URL]
) Indigenous identity: What is it and who really has it? American Indian Quarterly
, 25(2), 540–255.
Wisdom of the Elders
) Retrieved April 2014 ([URL]
) Stereotyping Indians by omission
. Retrieved May 2014. ([URL]
) Time maps: Collective memory and the social shape of the past
. Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press.
Cited by 1 other publications
Müller, Brian Michael
. The mark of the mask: queer neo-ethnographies and double consciousness in post-apartheid South Africa
pp. 85 ff.
This list is based on CrossRef data as of 30 august 2023. Please note that it may not be complete. Sources presented here have been supplied by the respective publishers.
Any errors therein should be reported to them.