Close Engagements with Artificial Companions

Key social, psychological, ethical and design issues

Editor
| University of Oxford
HardboundAvailable
ISBN 9789027249944 | EUR 99.00 | USD 149.00
 
e-Book
ISBN 9789027288400 | EUR 99.00 | USD 149.00
 
What will it be like to admit Artificial Companions into our society? How will they change our relations with each other? How important will they be in the emotional and practical lives of their owners – since we know that people became emotionally dependent even on simple devices like the Tamagotchi? How much social life might they have in contacting each other? The contributors to this book discuss the possibility and desirability of some form of long-term computer Companions now being a certainty in the coming years. It is a good moment to consider, from a set of wide interdisciplinary perspectives, both how we shall construct them technically as well as their personal philosophical and social consequences. By Companions we mean conversationalists or confidants – not robots – but rather computer software agents whose function will be to get to know their owners over a long period. Those may well be elderly or lonely, and the contributions in the book focus not only on assistance via the internet (contacts, travel, doctors etc.) but also on providing company and Companionship, by offering aspects of real personalization.
[Natural Language Processing, 8]  2010.  xxii, 315 pp.
Publishing status: Available
Table of Contents
Foreword
xi–xii
Acknowledgements
xii
Contributors
xiii–xxii
Section I. Setting the scene
In good company?: On the threshold of robotic Companions
Sherry Turkle
3–10
Introducing artificial Companions
Yorick Wilks
11–20
Section II. Ethical and philosophical issues
Artificial Companions and their philosophical challenges
Luciano Floridi
23–28
Conditions for Companionhood
Stephen G. Pulman
29–34
Arius in cyberspace: Digital Companions and the limits of the person
Kieron O'Hara
35–56
Section III. Social and psychological issues
Conversationalists and confidants
Margaret A. Boden
59–61
Robots should be slaves
Joanna J. Bryson
63–74
Wanting the impossible: The dilemma at the heart of intimate human-robot relationships
Dylan Evans
75–88
Falling in love with a Companion
David Levy
89–94
Identifying your accompanist
Will Lowe
95–100
Look, emotion, language and behavior in a believable virtual Companion
Daniela M. Romano
101–106
New Companions
Alex Taylor, Anab Jain and Laurel Swan
107–120
On being a Victorian Companion
Yorick Wilks
121–128
Section IV. Design issues
The use of affective and attentive cues in an empathic computer-based Companions
Nikolaus Bee, Elisabeth Andre, Thurid Vogt and Patrick Gebhard
131–142
GRETA: Towards an interactive conversational virtual Companion
Elisabetta Bevacqua, Ken Prepin, Radoslaw Niewiadomski, Etienne de Sevin and Catherine Pelachaud
143–156
A world-hybrid approach to a conversational Companion for reminiscing about images
Roberta Catizone, Simon F. Worgan, Yorick Wilks, Alexiei Dingli and Weiwei Cheng
157–168
Companionship is an emotional business
Roddy Cowie
169–172
Artificial Companions in society: Consulting the users
Alan Newell
173–178
Requirements for Artificial Companions: It’s harder than you think
Aaron Sloman
179–200
You really need to know what your bot(s) are thinking about you
Alan FT Winfield
201–208
Section V. Special purpose Companions
A Companion for learning in everyday life
Rebecca Eynon and Chris Davies
211–220
The Maryland virtual patient as a task-oriented conversational Companion
Sergei Nirenburg
221–244
Living with robots: Ethical tradeoffs in eldercare
Noel Sharkey and Amanda Sharkey
245–256
Section VI. Afterword
Summary and discussion of the issues
Malcom Peltu and Yorick Wilks
259–286
References
287–308
Index
309–316
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Subjects

Consciousness Research

Consciousness research

Philosophy

Philosophy
BIC Subject: UYZ – Human-computer interaction
BISAC Subject: COM004000 – COMPUTERS / Intelligence (AI) & Semantics
U.S. Library of Congress Control Number:  2009048316