Perspective in the discourse of war
The case of Colin Powell
The following article applies both quantitative and qualitative methods of research to markers of perspective in a TV interview of Colin Powell on the CNN LARRY KING LIVE program from November 26, 2001. Perspective is well established in phenomenology and social psychology; its starting point is the conviction that every utterance expresses a point of view. From previous research, we accept the dialogical nature of perspective (see O’Connell & Kowal 1998) and further argue that perspective can be observed through measures of orality and literacy and through referencing (name and pronoun reference). The following measures of orality and literacy are examined: Back channeling hesitations, interruptions, contractions and elisions, first person singular pronominals, interjections and tag questions, and turn transitions from interviewer to interviewee and vice versa. We argue further that Colin Powell’s perspective stresses the division between “we” and “they” with regard to the then imminent involvement in Iraq. Theoretical implications are discussed.
Keywords: Television political interview, Perspective, Referencing, Orality/literacy, Dialogism, The Middle East
Available under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial (CC BY-NC) 4.0 license.
Published online: 01 September 2003
Alber, J., D. O’Connell, and S. Kowal
(2002) Personal perspective in TV news interviews. Pragmatics 12.3: 257-271. BoP
(1981) The dialogic imagination: Four essays (trans. C. Emerson and M. Holquist, ed. M. Holquist). Austin, TX: Texas University Press.
(1986) Evidentiality in English conversation and academic writing. In W. Chafe and J. Nichols (eds.), Evidentiality: The linguistic coding of epistemology.Norwood, NJ: Ablex, pp. 261-272. BoP
Chouliaraki, L., and N. Fairclough
(1999) Discourse in late modernity: Rethinking critical discourse analysis. Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press. BoP
(1996) Using language. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press. BoP
Clark, H., and M. Ven der Wege
Clayman, S., and J. Heritage
(2002) The news interview: Journalists and public figures on the air. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. BoP
(1974) Frame analysis. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press. BoP
(1981) Forms of talk. Philadelphia, PA: University of Pennsylvania Press. BoP
(2002) Explicit and implicit perspectivity. In C. Graumann and W. Kallmeyer (eds.), Perspective and perspectivation in discourse. Amsterdam/Philadelphia: John Benjamins Publishing Company, pp. 25-40. BoP
Koch, P., and W. Oesterreicher
Kowal, S., and D. O’Connell
(1997) Theoretical ideals and their violation: Princess Diana and Martin Bashir in the BBC interview. Pragmatics 7.3: 309-323. BoP
(2001) Metaphors of terror. September 16 2001 (www.press.uchicago.edu/News/911lakoff.html.)
(1990) Talking power: The politics of language in our lives. New York: Basic Books. BoP
(1998) Approaching dialogue: Talk, interaction and contexts in dialogical perspectives. Amsterdam/Philadelphia: John Benjamins Publishing Company. BoP
O’Connell, D., and S. Kowal
(1998) Orality and literacy in public discourse: An interview of Hannah Arendt. Journal of Pragmatics 30: 543-564. BoP
Forthcoming) The research status of Clayman and Heritage’s (2002). The news interview.
O’Connell, D., S. Kowal, and E. Dill
Forthcoming) Dialogicality in TV news interviews. Journal of Pragmatics.
Reisigl, M., and R. Wodak
(2001) Discourse and discrimination: Rhetoric of racism and anti-Semitism. London and New York: Routledge. BoP
(1974) On message structure: A framework for the study of language and communication. London: Wiley. BoP
The algebra of infinite justice. The Guardian. September 29, 2001.
Islam and the West are inadequate banners. The Observer, September 16, 2001.
(2000) Pronoun use in television interviews: Social interaction and the Middle East peace process. Unpublished doctoral dissertation. Georgetown University: Washington D.C.
Suleiman, C., D. O’Connell, and S. Kowal
(1989) Talking voices: Repetition, dialogue, and imagery in conversational style. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. BoP
(2001) Critical discourse analysis. In D. Schiffrin, D. Tannen and H. Hamilton (eds.), The handbook of discourse analysis. Oxford: Blackwell, pp. 352-371. BoP
(1990) Politically speaking: The pragmatic analysis of political language. Oxford: Blackwell. BoP
Cited by 4 other publications
Ponce, Marcelo Fabián
Suleiman, Camelia & Daniel C. O’Connell
Suleiman, Camelia & Daniel C. O’Connell
Suleiman, Camelia, Camelia Suleiman & Russell E. Lucas
This list is based on CrossRef data as of 14 january 2021. Please note that it may not be complete. Sources presented here have been supplied by the respective publishers. Any errors therein should be reported to them.