Chapter published in:Romance Languages and Linguistic Theory 15: Selected papers from 'Going Romance' 30, Frankfurt
Edited by Ingo Feldhausen, Martin Elsig, Imme Kuchenbrandt and Mareike Neuhaus
[Romance Languages and Linguistic Theory 15] 2019
► pp. 54–71
Negative Concord and sentential negation in Gallo
The goal of this paper is to get a better understanding of Negative Concord (NC) in natural language through the study of Gallo, a Romance language spoken in Brittany. Despite obvious similarities with respect to Standard French (SF), Gallo differs from it by integrating sentential negation pâ/pouin ‘not’ to the NC system. We will first show that previous analyses of the phenomenon based on specific properties of n-words (see Déprez (2003, 2016), Zeijlstra (2004, 2010)) fail to account for the difference between Gallo and SF. Then we will argue for an alternative approach (inspired by Muller (2010) and Homer (2013)) based on properties of sentential negation itself. Finally, we will propose how to account for inter/intra-individual microvariation of NC in Gallo.
Keywords: Negative Concord, Romance languages, semi-negations/n-words, Microsyntactic variation, non-veridicality, anti-veridicality, Expletive Negation, Negation, Double Negation, French, Gallo, Creole
Published online: 09 October 2019
Sources of Gallo data
SyMiLa: data from ANR Project on Syntactic Microvariation in Romance Languages of France
Corblin, F., Déprez, V., de Swart, H., & Tovena, L.
De Swart, H.
De Swart, H. & Sag, I.
Haegeman, L. & Zanuttini, R.
2013 On the Nonexistence of Negative Quantifiers: The case of Haitian Creole. Talked presented at the University of Paris 8, Vincennes-Saint-Denis.
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