Previous code-switching literature argues that no switch takes place between a pronoun and a verb, while Determiner Phrases (DPs) do code-switch. This paper uses code-switching acceptability judgment data elicited from three groups of English–Spanish bilinguals (2L1 children, L2 English children and L2 English adults) to test: (i) van Gelderen & MacSwan’s (2008) PF disjunction theorem intended to account for the DP/pronoun divide; and (ii) an agreement version of the analogical criterion (Liceras et al. 2008) which is based on Pesetsky & Torrego’s (2001) double-feature valuation mechanism intended to account for the different status of third person versus first and second person pronominal subjects. We show that the PF disjunction theorem is clearly rooted in the mind of the bilingual and that the Spanish dominant bilinguals can ‘relax’ its requirements to value person agreement features as predicted by the double-feature valuation mechanism.
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2009 “Research Techniques for the Study of Code-switching.” In The Cambridge Handbook of Linguistic Code-switching, ed. by Barbara E. Bullock, and Almeida Jacqueline Toribio, 21-39. Cambridge University Press.
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Liceras, Juana M., Raquel Fernández Fuertes, and Anahí Alba de la Fuente
2012 “Overt Subjects and Copula Omission in the Spanish and the English Grammar of English-Spanish Bilinguals: On the Locus and Directionality of Interlinguistic Influence.” First Language 32 (1-2): 88-115.
Liceras, Juana M., Raquel Fernández Fuertes, Susana Perales, Rocío Pérez-Tattam, and Kenton Todd Spradlin
2008 “Gender and Gender Agreement in Bilingual Native and Non-native Grammars: A View from Child and Adult Functional-lexical Mixings.” Lingua 118: 827-851.
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2014 “Some Consequences of Language Design: Codeswitching at the PF Interface.” In Grammatical theory and bilingual codeswitching, ed. by Jeff MacSwan. MIT Press.
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2005”Code-switching and Generative Grammar: A Critique of the MLF Model and Some Remarks on ‘Modified Minimalism.’”Bilingualism: Language and Cognition 8 (1): 1-22.
2009 “Generative Approaches to Codeswitching.” In The Cambridge Handbook of Linguistic Code-switching, ed. by Barbara E. Bullock, and Almeida Jacqueline Toribio, 309-335. Cambridge University Press.
Pesetsky, David, and Esther Torrego
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