Article published in:Usage-based and Typological Approaches to Linguistic Units
Edited by Tsuyoshi Ono, Ritva Laury and Ryoko Suzuki
[Studies in Language 43:2] 2019
► pp. 301–328
Free NPs as units in Finnish
This article focuses on free NPs, i.e. noun phrases that are grammatically not part of any clause but form units of their own. Using the methodology of discourse-functional and interactional linguistics, I analyze the morphosyntactic, prosodic and interactional features of free NPs in conversational Finnish. With its rich morphological marking, Finnish provides an interesting perspective on free NPs: Morphosyntactic features, together with semantics, are crucial in determining the status of an NP as a clausal constituent or a free NP. The prosodic analysis shows that the majority of free NPs show clear prosodic boundaries, signalled for example by speaker change, coherent intonation contour, pause or pitch reset. Free NPs serve various interactional functions, such as making assessments or disambiguating referents. These are functions which operate on something already established in the discourse. Free NPs, however, can also initiate something new for example by making requests or introducing new topics.
- 3.Morphosyntactic features of free NPs
- 4.Prosodic features of free NPs
- 5.Interactional functions of free NPs
Published online: 13 November 2019
2010: Spontaanin puheen prosodinen jaksottelu. Helsinki: University of Helsinki Doctoral dissertation. http://urn.fi/URN:ISBN:978-952-10-6405-0 [retrieved December 28, 2015].
Arkisyn = Arkisyn
A morphosyntactically coded database of conversational Finnish. Data-base compiled at the University of Turku, with material from the Conversation Analysis Archive at the University of Helsinki and the Syntax Archives at the University of Turku. Department of Finnish and Finno-Ugric Languages, University of Turku.
Barnes, Betsy K.
Boersma, Paul & Weenink, David
(2019) Praat: doing phonetics by computer [Computer program]. Version 6.1, retrieved 13 July 2019 http://www.praat.org
Du Bois, John W., Stephan Schuetze-Coburn, Danae Paolino & Susanna Cummings
Erman, Britt & Beatrice Warren
Ford, Cecilia E., Barbara A. Fox & Sandra A. Thompson
Helasvuo, Marja-Liisa & Nobufumi, Inaba
2013 Functions of free NPs in Old Finnish texts. Paper presented at the Grammar and Context Conference, June 2013. University of Tartu.
Huumo, Tuomas & Marja-Liisa Helasvuo
Laakso, Minna & Marja-Leena Sorjonen
Laury, Ritva, Marja Etelämäki & Elizabeth Couper-Kuhlen
Laury, Ritva & Marja-Liisa Helasvuo
Ono, Tsuyoshi & Sandra A. Thompson
Pekarek Doehler, Simona
Pekarek Doehler, Simona, Elwys de Stefani & Anne-Sofie Horlacher
Selting, Margret & Elizabeth Couper-Kuhlen
Sorjonen, Marja-Leena & Liisa, Raevaara
Terasaki, A. K.
forthcoming). Kielellinen muutos ja sen ymmärtäminen. Tapaustutkimuksena totaaliobjektin merkinnän tasoittuminen Pohjois-Norjan kainun murteissa. Turku: University of Turku doctoral dissertation.
Cited by 2 other publications
Stoenica, Ioana-Maria, Simona Pekarek Doehler & Anne-Sylvie Horlacher
This list is based on CrossRef data as of 18 april 2022. Please note that it may not be complete. Sources presented here have been supplied by the respective publishers. Any errors therein should be reported to them.