Free NPs as units in Finnish
This article focuses on free NPs, i.e. noun phrases that are grammatically not part of any clause but form units
of their own. Using the methodology of discourse-functional and interactional linguistics, I analyze the morphosyntactic, prosodic
and interactional features of free NPs in conversational Finnish. With its rich morphological marking, Finnish provides an
interesting perspective on free NPs: Morphosyntactic features, together with semantics, are crucial in determining the status of
an NP as a clausal constituent or a free NP. The prosodic analysis shows that the majority of free NPs show clear prosodic
boundaries, signalled for example by speaker change, coherent intonation contour, pause or pitch reset. Free NPs serve various
interactional functions, such as making assessments or disambiguating referents. These are functions which operate on something
already established in the discourse. Free NPs, however, can also initiate something new for example by making requests or
introducing new topics.
- 3.Morphosyntactic features of free NPs
- 4.Prosodic features of free NPs
- 5.Interactional functions of free NPs
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Cited by 2 other publications
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