Article published in:
Studies in Language
Vol. 40:3 (2016) ► pp. 551590
Aboh, Enoch O
2006When verbal predicates go fronting. In I. Fiedler & A. Schwarz (eds.), Papers on information structure in African languages (ZAS Papers in Linguistics 46), 21–48. Berlin: Zentrum für Allgemeine Sprachwissenschaft, Typologie und Universalienforschung.Google Scholar
Anyanwu, Rose-Juliet & Abdourahmane Diallo
2005Rhythmic units and stress: Word accent mobility in Fula. In Rose-Juliet Anyanwu (ed.), Tone systems in African languages (Frankfurter Afrikanistische Blätter 17), 65–89. Köln: Rüdiger Köppe.Google Scholar
Apel, Viktoria
2012Term focus in Fulfulde: Arguments for a grammaticalization of former cleft constructions. Paper presented at the 20 . Afrikanistentag, Köln, 29 May - 2 June 2012.
Arnott, David W
1970The nominal and verbal systems of Fula. Oxford: Clarendon Press.Google Scholar
Banfield, Alexander W. & John L. Macintyre
1915A grammar of the Nupe language, together with a vocabulary. London: Society for Promoting Christian Knowledge.Google Scholar
Bao, Mingzhen
2012Prosody of focus among information structures in Pulaar. Afrikanistik Online 20121. http://​www​.afrikanistik​-aegyptologie​-online​.de​/archiv​/2012​/3528/ (Accessed 20 Feb 2016.)Google Scholar
Beacham, Charles G
1991Learning Yom: A Voltaic language of the Atacora Province (The Republic of Benin, West Africa). Charlotte, North Carolina: SIL USA.Google Scholar
Bearth, Thomas
1993Satztyp und Situation in einigen Sprachen Westafrikas. In Wilhelm J.G. Möhlig, Siegmund Brauner & Herrmann Jungraithmayr (eds.), Beiträge zur afrikanischen Sprach- und Literaturwissenschaft (IX. Afrikanistentag, Leipzig, September, 24-26, 1992), 91–104. Köln: Rüdiger Köppe.Google Scholar
1999The contribution of African linguistics towards a general theory of focus: Update and critical review. Journal of African Languages and Linguistics 20(2). 121–156. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Bodomo, Adams B
2000Dàgáárè. Languages of the World, Materials 165. München/ Newcastle: LINCOM Europa.Google Scholar
Büring, Daniel
2010Towards a typology of focus realization. In Malte Zimmermann & Caroline Féry (eds.), Information structure: Theoretical, typological and experimental perspectives, 177–205. Oxford: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
Creissels, Denis et al.
2008Africa as a morphosyntactic area. In Bernd Heine & Derek Nurse (eds.), A linguistic geography of Africa, 86–150. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
Dik, Simon C
1997The theory of functional grammar, part 1: The structure of the clause, Kees Hengeveld (ed.), Berlin/ New York: Mouton de Gruyter.Google Scholar
Ellison, R.E
1937An English-Kanuri sentence book. London: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
Evans, Nicholas D
2007Insubordination and its uses. In Irina Nikolaeva (ed.), Finiteness: Theoretical and empirical foundations, 366–431. Oxford: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
Féry, Caroline
2013Focus as prosodic alignment. Natural Language and Linguistic Theory 311. 683–734. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Fiedler, Ines
2006Focus expressions in Yom. Gur Papers 71. 112–121.Google Scholar
2014Conjoint and disjoint verb forms in Gur? Evidence from Yom. Unpublished manuscript.Google Scholar
Fiedler, Ines & Anne Schwarz
2005Out-of-focus encoding in Gur and Kwa. In Stefanie Dipper, Michael Götze & Manfred Stede (eds.), Approaches and findings in oral, written and gestural language (Interdisciplinary Studies on Information Structure 3), 111–142. Potsdam: Universitätsverlag.Google Scholar
(eds.) 2006Papers on information structure in African languages (ZAS Papers in Linguistics 46). Berlin: Zentrum für Allgemeine Sprachwissenschaft, Typologie und Universalienforschung.Google Scholar
(eds.) 2010The expression of information structure: A documentation of its diversity across Africa (Typological Studies in Language 91). Amsterdam: John Benjamins. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Fiedler, Ines et al.
2010Subject focus in West African languages. In Malte Zimmermann & Caroline Féry (eds.), Information structure: Theoretical, typological and experimental perspectives, 234–257. Oxford: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
Frajzyngier, Zygmunt
2004Tense and aspect as coding means for information structure: A potential areal feature. Journal of West African Languages 30(2): 53–67.Google Scholar
Gajdos, Martina
2004Fulfulde: Lehrbuch einer westafrikanischen Sprache. Wien: Edition Praesens.Google Scholar
George, Isaac
1971The á-construction in Nupe: Perfective, stative, causative, or instrumental. In Chin-Wu Kim & Herbert Stahlke (eds.), Papers in African linguistics, 81–100. Edmonton/ Champaign: Linguistic Research, Inc.Google Scholar
Gimba, A. Maina
2005On the functions of ‘ye’ in Bole. Paper presented at the International Conference on “Focus in African Languages” , Berlin, 6-8 October 2005.
Givón, Talmy
1975Focus and the scope of assertion: Some Bantu evidence. Studies in African Linguistics 6(2). 185–205.Google Scholar
Good, Jeff
2010Topic and focus fields in Naki. In I. Fiedler & A. Schwarz (eds.), The expression of information structure: A documentation of its diversity across Africa (Typological Studies in Language 91), 35–67. Amsterdam: John Benjamins. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Grubic, Mira & Malte Zimmermann
2011Conventional and free association with focus in Ngamo (West Chadic). In Ingo Reich et al. (eds.), Proceedings of Sinn & Bedeutung 151, 291–305. Saarbrücken: Saarland University Press.Google Scholar
Güldemann, Tom
1996Verbalmorphologie und Nebenprädikationen im Bantu: Eine Studie zur funktional motivierten Genese eines konjugationalen Subsystems. Bochum-Essener Beiträge zur Sprachwandelforschung 27. Bochum: Universitätsverlag Dr. N. Brockmeyer.Google Scholar
2003Present progressive vis-à-vis predication focus in Bantu: A verbal category between semantics and pragmatics. Studies in Language 27(2). 323–360. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
2010The relation between focus and theticity in the Tuu family. In I. Fiedler & A. Schwarz (eds.), The expression of information structure: A documentation of its diversity across Africa (Typological Studies in Language 91), 69–93. Amsterdam: John Benjamins. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
in preparation. Predicate clefts, verb doubling, and co.: Towards a typology of dissected predicates and focus.
Güldemann, Tom et al.
2010Preposed verb doubling and predicate-centered focus. Paper presented at the International Conference of the SFB 632 “Information structure” , University of Potsdam and Humboldt University of Berlin, 8-10 July 2010. https://​www2​.hu​-berlin​.de​/predicate​_focus​_africa​/data​/sfb632b7​_sfb​-conference​_2010​_07​.pdf (Accessed 20 Feb 2016.)
Haida, Andreas
2004Wh- and focus constructions in Gurune. Paper presented at the Workshop on Bantu Grammar: Theory and description , ZAS Berlin, 20041.
Haiman, John
1978Conditionals are topics. Language 54(3). 564–589. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Hartmann, Katharina & Malte Zimmermann
2007In place out of place? Focus strategies in Hausa. In Kerstin Schwabe & Susanne Winkler (eds.), On information structure, meaning and form: generalizing across languages, 365–403. Amsterdam: John Benjamins. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Hole, Daniel P
2004Focus and background marking in Mandarin Chinese: System and theory behind cái, jiù, dōu and yĕ. London: Routledge Curzon. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
2011The deconstruction of Chinese shì…de clefts revisited. In Edgar Onea & Malte Zimmermann (eds.), Focus marking and focus interpretation. Lingua 121(11). 1707–1733.Google Scholar
Hopper, Paul J
1979aAspect and foregrounding in discourse. In Talmy Givón (ed.), Discourse and syntax (Syntax and Semantics 12), 213–241. New York/ San Francisco/ London: Academic Press. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
1979bSome observations on the typology of focus and aspect in narrative language. Studies in Language 3(1). 37–64. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
(ed.) 1982Tense-aspect: Between semantics and pragmatics (Typological Studies in Language 1). Amsterdam: John Benjamins. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Hudu, Fusheini
2006Focus marking in Dagbani. University of British Columbia: unpublished manuscript.Google Scholar
2012Focus particles in Dagbani: A descriptive analysis. Journal of West African Languages 39(1). 97–129.Google Scholar
Hutchison, John P
1981The Kanuri language: A reference grammar. Madison: African Studies Program, University of Wisconsin.Google Scholar
Hyman, Larry & John Watters
1984Auxiliary focus. Studies in African Linguistics 15(3). 233–273.Google Scholar
Issah, Samuel A
2008Information packaging in Dagbani. Tromsø: Department of Language and Linguistics, University of Tromsø M.A. thesis.Google Scholar
2013The function of the post verbal la in Dagbani. Studies in African Linguistics 42(2). 153–174.Google Scholar
Jackendoff, Ray
1972Semantic interpretation in generative grammar. Cambridge: Massachusetts Institute of Technology Press.Google Scholar
Jacob, Peggy
2010On the obligatoriness of focus marking: Evidence from Tar B’arma. In I. Fiedler & A. Schwarz (eds.), The expression of information structure: A documentation of its diversity across Africa (Typological Studies in Language 91), 117–144. Amsterdam: John Benjamins. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Jaggar, Philip J
2001Hausa. Amsterdam: John Benjamins. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
2006The Hausa perfective tense-aspect used in wh-/focus constructions and historical narratives: A unified account. In Paul Newman & Larry M. Hyman (eds.), West African linguistics: Papers in honor of Rusell G. Schuh. Studies in African Linguistics, Supplement 11, 100–133. Columbus: Department of Linguistics, Ohio State University.Google Scholar
Jarrett, Kevin A
1980Tense/aspect/mood in Kanuri verb forms. Harsunan Nijeriya 101. 1–28.Google Scholar
Kalinowski, Cristin & Jeff Good
2014Non-canonical head-marking of information structure in African languages. Paper presented at the ISHML Workshop , Nijmegen, 28 March 2014.
Kandybowicz, Jason
2008The grammar of repetition: Nupe grammar at the syntax-phonology interface. Amsterdam: John Benjamins. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Krifka, Manfred
2007Basic notions of information structure. In Caroline Féry, Gisbert Fanselow & Manfred Krifka (eds.), The notions of information structure (Interdisciplinary Studies on Information Structure 6), 13–55. Potsdam: Universitätsverlag.Google Scholar
Kropp Dakubu, Mary E
2000The particle la in Gurene. Gur Papers 51. 59–65.Google Scholar
Lukas, Johannes
1937A study of the Kanuri language: Grammar and vocabulary. London: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
Manessy, Gabriel
1975Les langues oti-volta (Langues et Civilisations à Tradition Orale 15). Paris: SELAF.Google Scholar
Matić, Dejan & Daniel Wedgwood
2013The meanings of focus: The significance of an interpretation-based category in cross-linguistic analysis. Journal of Linguistics 49(1): 127–163. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
McKay, Graham R
1988Figure and ground in Rembarrnga complex sentences. In Peter Austin (ed.), Complex sentence constructions in Australian languages (Typological Studies in Language 15), 7–36. Amsterdam: John Benjamins. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Ndumbu, J.M.G. & Wilfred H. Whiteley
1962Some problems of stability and emphasis in Kamba one-word tenses. Journal of African Languages 1(2): 167–180.Google Scholar
Olawsky, Knut J
1999Aspects of Dagbani grammar: With special emphasis on phonology and morphology (LINCOM Studies in African Linguistics 41). München: LINCOM Europa.Google Scholar
Olson, Michael
1981Barai clause junctures: Toward a functional theory of interclausal relations. Canberra: Australian National University Ph.D. thesis.Google Scholar
Purvis, Tristan M
2012Left dislocation in Dagbani: A preliminary survey. In Matthias Brenzinger & Anne-Maria Fehn (eds.), Proceedings of the 6th World Congress of African Linguistics, Cologne, 17-21 August 2009, 501–513. Köln: Rüdiger Köppe.Google Scholar
Reinhart, Tanya
2006Interface strategies: Optimal and costly computations (Linguistic Inquiry Monographs 45). MIT Press. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Rizzi, Luigi
1997The fine structure of the left periphery. In Liliane Haegeman (ed.), Elements of grammar: Handbook in generative syntax (Kluwer International Handbooks of Linguistics 1), 281–337. Dordrecht/ Boston/ London: Kluwer. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
2004On the cartography of syntactic structures. In Luigi Rizzi (ed.), The structure of CP and IP: The cartography of syntactic structures, vol. 21, 3–15. New York: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
Rooth, Mats
1985Association with focus. Amherst: University of Massachusetts, Amherst Ph.D. thesis.Google Scholar
1992A theory of focus interpretation. Natural Language Semantics 11. 75–116. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Samek-Lodovici, Vieri
2006When right dislocation meets the left-periphery: A unified analysis of Italian non-final focus. Lingua 1161. 836–873. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Sasse, Hans-Jürgen
1987The thetic/categorical distinction revisited. Linguistics 251. 511–580. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Schuh, Russell G
1982Questioned and focussed subjects and objects in Bade/Ngizim. In Herrmann Jungraithmayr (ed.), The Chad languages in the Hamitosemitic-Nigritic border area (Papers of the Marburg Symposion, 1979) (Marburger Studien zur Afrika- und Asienkunde A27), 160–173. Berlin: Dietrich Reimer.Google Scholar
2005Yobe State, Nigeria as a linguistic area. In Rebecca T. Cover and Yuni Kim (eds.), Languages of West Africa. Berkeley Linguistics Society 31(2). 77–94.Google Scholar
Schwarz, Anne
2009How many focus markers are there in Konkomba? In Matondo Masangu, Fiona McLaughlin & Eric Potsdam (eds.), Selected proceedings of the 38th annual conference on African linguistics: Linguistic theory and African language documentation, 182–192. Somerville, MA: Cascadilla Proceedings Project.Google Scholar
Schwarzschild, Roger
1999GIVENness, AvoidF and other constraints on the placement of accent. Natural Language Semantics 71. 141–177. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Smith, N.V
1967An outline grammar of Nupe. London: School of Oriental and African Studies.Google Scholar
Stucky, Susan U
1979Focus of contrast aspects in Makua: Syntactic and semantic evidence. Berkeley Linguistics Society 51. 362–372. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Sylla, Yèro
1993Syntaxe peule: Contribution à la recherche sur les universaux du langage. Dakar: Les Nouvelles Éditions Africaines du Sénégal.Google Scholar
Talmy, Leonard
1978Figure and ground in complex sentences. In Joseph H. Greenberg, Charles A. Ferguson & Edith A. Moravcsik (eds.), Universals of human language, volume 4: Syntax, 625–649. Stanford: Stanford University Press.Google Scholar
Tomlin, Russell S
1985Foreground-background information and the syntax of subordination. Text 51: 85–122. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
(ed.) 1987Coherence and grounding in discourse (Typological Studies in Language 11). Amsterdam: John Benjamins. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Townsend, David J. & Thomas G. Bever
1977Main and subordinate clauses: A study in figure and ground. Bloomington: Indiana University Linguistics Club.Google Scholar
Truckenbrodt, Hubert
1995Phonological phrases: Their relation to syntax, focus and prominence. Cambridge: Massachusetts Institute of Technology Ph.D. thesis.Google Scholar
Van der Wal, Jenneke
2011Focus excluding alternatives: Conjoint/disjoint marking in Makhuwa. Lingua 1211. 1734–1750. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Van Valin, Robert D
1984A typology of syntactic relations in clause linkage. Berkeley Linguistics Society 101. 542–558. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Wilson, W.A.A
1963Relative constructions in Dagbani. Journal of African Languages 21. 139–144.Google Scholar
Wolff, H. Ekkehard & Doris Löhr
2006Encoding focus in Kanuri verbal morphology: Predication focus and the “Kanuri focus shift”. In I. Fiedler and A. Schwarz (eds.), Papers on information structure in African languages (ZAS Papers in Linguistics 46), 185–209. Berlin: Zentrum für Allgemeine Sprachwissenschaft, Typologie und Universalienforschung.Google Scholar
Ziegelmeyer, Georg
2011On argument focus in Kanuri. In Doris Löhr, Eva Rothmaler & Georg Ziegelmeyer (eds.), Kanuri, Borno and beyond: Current studies on the Lake Chad region (Topics in Interdisciplinary African Studies 22), 191–205. Köln: Rüdiger Köppe.Google Scholar
Zima, Petr
1991Le problème des formes verbales dites “relatives” en tchadique. In Herrmann Jungraithmayr & Henry Tourneux (eds.), Etudes tchadiques la phrase complexe, 15–26. Paris: Paul Geuthner.Google Scholar
2006TAM verbal paradigms in the West African Sahel as areal (Sprachbund), genetic and sociolinguistic features (Where are we 75 years after Klingenheben?). In Bernard Caron & Petr Zima (eds.), Sprachbund in the West African Sahel (Afrique et Langage 11), 221–237. Leuven/ Paris: Peeters.Google Scholar
Zimmermann, Malte
2011The grammatical expression of focus in West Chadic: Variation and uniformity in and across languages. Linguistics 49(5). 1163–1213. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Zimmermann, Malte & Caroline Féry
(eds.) 2010Information structure: Theoretical, typological and experimental perspectives. Oxford: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
Cited by

Cited by 6 other publications

No author info given
2021.  In Usage-based and Typological Approaches to Linguistic Units [Benjamins Current Topics, 114], Crossref logo
Akita, Kimi
2021. A typology of depiction marking. Studies in Language 45:4  pp. 865 ff. Crossref logo
Grubic, Mira, Agata Renans & Reginald Akuoko Duah
2019. Focus, exhaustivity and existence in Akan, Ga and Ngamo . Linguistics 57:1  pp. 221 ff. Crossref logo
Lovestrand, Joseph
2018. The background marker ná in Barayin. Journal of African Languages and Linguistics 39:1  pp. 1 ff. Crossref logo
Nuhn, Patrick
2019. Reversed ang-inversion and narrow focus marking in Tagalog. Studies in Language 43:2  pp. 469 ff. Crossref logo
Zimmermann, Malte, Joseph P. De Veaugh-Geiss, Swantje Tönnis & Edgar Onea
2020.  In Approaches to Hungarian [Approaches to Hungarian, 16],  pp. 208 ff. Crossref logo

This list is based on CrossRef data as of 18 april 2022. Please note that it may not be complete. Sources presented here have been supplied by the respective publishers. Any errors therein should be reported to them.