Chapter published in:
Studies at the Grammar-Discourse Interface: Discourse markers and discourse-related grammatical phenomena
Edited by Alexander Haselow and Sylvie Hancil
[Studies in Language Companion Series 219] 2021
► pp. 2455


Aijmer, Karin
1997 I think – An English modal particle. In Modality in Germanic Languages: Historical and Comparative Perspectives, Toril Swan & Olaf Jansen-Westvik (eds.), 1–47. Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Aijmer, Karen
2002English Discourse Particles: Evidence from a Corpus [Studies in Corpus Linguistics 10]. Amsterdam: John Benjamins. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Arroyo, José Luis Blas
2011From politeness to discourse marking: The process of pragmaticalization of muy bien in vernacular Spanish. Journal of Pragmatics 43: 855–874. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Beeching, Kate
2016 Alors/donc/then at the right periphery: Seeking confirmation of an inference. Journal of Historical Pragmatics 17(2): 208–230. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Beijering, Karin
2012Expressions of Epistemic Modality in Mainland Scandinavian: A Study into the Lexicalization-grammaticalization-pragmaticalization Interface. PhD dissertation, Rijksuniversiteit Groningen.Google Scholar
Biber, Douglas, Johansson, Stig, Leech, Geoffrey, Conrad, Susan & Finegan, Edward
1999Longman Grammar of Spoken and Written English. London: Longman.Google Scholar
Boye, Kasper & Harder, Peter
2007Complement-taking predicates: Usage and linguistic structure. Studies in Language 31(3): 569–606. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Brinton, Laurel J.
1996Pragmatic Markers in English: Grammaticalization and Discourse Functions. Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
2008The Comment Clause in English: Syntactic Origins and Pragmatic Development. Cambridge: CUP. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
2010From performative to concessive disjunct: I/you admit and admittedly . In Language Change and Variation from Old English to Late Modern English: A Festschrift for Minoji Akimoto [Studies in Language and Communication 14], 279–302. Bern: Peter Lang.Google Scholar
2017The Evolution of Pragmatic Markers in English: Pathways of Change. Cambridge: CUP. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Brinton, Laurel J. & Traugott, Elizabeth Closs
2005Lexicalization and Language Change. Cambridge: CUP. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Claridge, Claudia
2013The evolution of three pragmatic markers: As it were, so to speak/say and if you like . Journal of Historical Pragmatics 14(2): 161–184. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Claridge, Claudia & Arnovick, Leslie
2010Pragmaticalisation and discursisation. In Historical Pragmatics [Handbook of Pragmatics 8], Andreas H. Jucker & Irma Taavitsainen (eds), 165–192. Berlin: De Gruyter Mouton.Google Scholar
Claudi, Ulrike & Heine, Bernd
1986On the metaphorical base of grammar. Studies in Language 10(2): 297–335. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Craig, Colette G.
1991Ways to go in Rama: A case study in polygrammaticalization. In Approaches to Grammaticalization, Vol. 2 [Typological Studies in Language 19], Elizabeth Closs Traugott & Bernd Heine (eds), 455–92. Amsterdam: John Benjamins. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Davidse, Kristin, De Wolf, Simon & Van linden, An
2015The development of the modal and discourse uses of there/it is/I have no doubt expressing modal and interactional meaning. Journal of Historical Pragmatics 16(1): 25–58. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Degand, Liesbeth & Evers-Vermeul, Jacqueline
2015Grammaticalization or pragmaticalization of discourse markers? More than a terminological issue. Journal of Historical Pragmatics 16(1): 59–85. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Degand, Liesbeth & Fagard, Benjamin
2011 Alors between discourse and grammar: The role of syntactic position. Functions of Language 18(1): 29–56. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Degand, Liesbeth & Simon-Vandenbergen
2011Introduction: Grammaticalization and (inter)subjectification of discourse markers. Linguistics 49(2): 287–294. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Dehé, Nicole
2014Parentheticals in Spoken English: The Syntax-Prosody Relation [Studies in English Language]. Cambridge: CUP. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Dér, Csilla Ilona
2010On the status of discourse markers. Acta Linguistica Hungarica 57(1): 3–28. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Dér, Csilla Ilona & Markó, Alexandra
2010A pilot study of Hungarian discourse markers. Language and Speech 53(2): 135–80. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Detges, Ulrich & Beeching, Kate
2014Discourse Functions at the Left and Right Periphery : Crosslinguistic Investigations of Language Use and Language Change. Leiden: Brill.Google Scholar
Diewald, Gabriele
2011aGrammaticalization and pragmaticalization. In The Oxford Handbook of Grammaticalization. Heiko Narrog & Bernd Heine (eds), 450–461. Oxford: OUP.Google Scholar
2011bPragmaticalization (defined) as grammaticalization of discourse functions. Linguistics 49(2): 365–390. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Dostie, Gaetane
2004Pragmaticalisation et marqueurs discursifs: Analyse sémantique et traitement lexicographique. Brussels: De Boeck & Larcier. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Dostie, Gaétane
2009Discourse markers and regional variation in French: A lexico-semantic approach. In Sociolinguistic Variation in Contemporary French [Impact: Studies in Language, Culture and Society 26], Kate Beeching, Nigel Armstrong & Francoise Gadet (eds), 201–214. Amsterdam: John Benjamins. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Erman, Britt & Kotsinas, Ulla-Britt
1993Pragmaticalization: The case of ba and you know . Studier i Modern Sprakvetenskap 10: 76–92.Google Scholar
Fischer, Olga
2007aMorphosyntactic Change. Oxford: OUP.Google Scholar
2007bThe development of English parentheticals: A case of grammaticalization? In Tracing English through Time: Explorations in Language Variation: A Festschrift for Herbert Schendl on the Occasion of his 65th Birthday, Ute Smit et al. (eds), 103–118. Vienna: Braumüller.Google Scholar
Frank-Job, Barbara
2006A dynamic-interactional approach to discourse markers. In Approaches to Discourse Particles, Kerstin Fischer (ed.), 359–374. Amsterdam: Elsevier.Google Scholar
Fraser, Bruce
1996Pragmatic markers. Pragmatics 6 (2), 167–190.. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
1999What are discourse markers. Journal of Pragmatics 31: 931–952. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
2009Topic orientation markers. Journal of Pragmatics 41: 892–898. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Furkó, Bálint Péter
2014Cooptation over grammaticalization. Argumentum 10: 289–300.Google Scholar
Genette, Gérard
1982Palimpsestes: La littérature au second degré. Paris: Seuil.Google Scholar
Günthner, Susanne
1999Entwickelt sich der Konzessivkonnektor obwohl zum Diskursmarker? Grammatikalisierungstendenzen im gesprochenen Deutsch. Linguistische Berichte 180: 409–446.Google Scholar
Hansen, Maj-Britt Mosegaard
1997 Alors and donc in spoken French: A reanalysis. Journal of Pragmatics 28: 153–187. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
1998The semantic status of discourse markers. Lingua 104(3–4): 235–260. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
2008Particles at the Semantics/Pragmatics Interface: Synchronic and Diachronic Issues. Oxford: Elsevier.Google Scholar
Haselow, Alexander
2011Discourse marker and modal particle: The functions of utterance final then in spoken English. Journal of Pragmatics 43(14): 3603–3623. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
2016A processual view on grammar: Macrogrammar and the final field in spoken syntax. Language Sciences 54: 77–101. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Heine, Bernd
1992Grammaticalization chains. Studies in Language 16(2): 335–368. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
2002On the role of context in grammaticalization. In New Reflections on Grammaticalization [Typological Studies in Language 49], Ilse Wischer & Gabriele Diewald (eds), 83–101. Amsterdam: John Benjamins. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
2003Grammaticalization. In The Handbook of Historical Linguistics, Brian D. Joseph & Richard D. Janda (eds), 575–601. Oxford: Blackwell. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
2013On discourse markers: Grammaticalization, pragmaticalization, or something else? Linguistics 51(6): 1205–1247. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
2016Language contact and extra-clausal constituents: The case of discourse markers. In Kaltenböck, Keizer & Lohmann (eds), 243–272. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
2018Are there two different ways of approaching grammaticalization? In New Trends on Grammaticalization and Language Change [Studies in Language Companion Series 202], Sylvie Hancil, Tine Breban & José Vicente Lozano (eds), 23–54. Amsterdam: John Benjamins. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Heine, Bernd, Claudi, Ulrike & Hünnemeyer, Friederike
1991Grammaticalization: A Conceptual Framework. Chicago IL: University of Chicago Press.Google Scholar
Heine, Bernd, Kaltenböck, Gunther & Kuteva, Tania
2016On insubordination and cooptation. In Insubordination [Typological Studies in Language 115], Nicholas Evans & Honoré Watanabe (eds), 39–63. Amsterdam: John Benjamins. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Heine, Bernd, Kaltenböck, Gunther, Kuteva, Tania & Long, Haiping
2013An outline of discourse grammar. In Functional Approaches to Language, Shannon Bischoff & Carmen Jany (eds), 175–233. Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
2017Cooptation as a discourse strategy. Linguistics 55: 1–43. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Heine, Bernd & Kuteva, Tania
2002World Lexicon of Grammaticalization. Cambridge: CUP. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
2007The Genesis of Grammar: A Reconstruction [Studies in the Development of Language 9]. Oxford: OUP.Google Scholar
Heine, Bernd & Reh, Mechthild
1984Grammaticalization and Reanalysis in African languages. Hamburg: Buske.Google Scholar
Hengeveld, Kees & Mackenzie, J. Lachlan
2008Functional Discourse Grammar: A Typologically-Based Theory of Language Structure. Oxford: OUP. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
2011Functional Discourse Grammar. In The Oxford Handbook of Linguistic Analysis, Bernd Heine & Heiko Narrog (eds), 367–400. Oxford: OUP.Google Scholar
Hilpert, Martin
2013Constructional Change in English: Developments in Allomorphy, Word-formation, and Syntax. Cambridge: CUP. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
2015From hand-carved to computer-based: Noun-participle compounding and the upward strengthening hypothesis. Cognitive Linguistics 26(1): 23–36. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Hopper, Paul J.
1991On some principles of grammaticization. In: Elizabeth Closs Traugott and Bernd Heine (eds.), Approaches to Grammaticalization. Volume 1. Amsterdam: John Benjamins, 17–35. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Hopper, Paul J. & Traugott, Elizabeth Closs
2003Grammaticalization (2nd rev. edn). Cambridge: CUP. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Huddleston, Rodney & Pullum, Geoffrey K.
2002The Cambridge Grammar of the English Language. Cambridge: CUP. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Jucker, Andreas H. & Ziv, Yael
1998Discourse markers: Introduction. In Discourse Markers: Descriptions and Theory [Pragmatics & Beyond New Series 57], Andreas H. Jucker & Yael Ziv (eds), 1–12. Amsterdam: John Benjamins. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Kaltenböck, Gunther
2007Spoken parenthetical clauses in English. In Parentheticals. [Liguistik Aktuell/Linguistics Today 106], Nicole Dehé & Yordanka Kavalova (eds), 25–52. Amsterdam: John Benjamins. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Kaltenböck, Gunther, Heine, Bernd & Kuteva, Tania
2011On thetical grammar. Studies in Language 35(4): 848–893. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Kuteva, Tania, Heine, Bernd, Hong, Bo, Long, Haiping, Narrog, Heiko & Rhee, Seongha
2019World Lexicon of Grammaticalization, 2nd extensively revised and updated edn. Cambridge: CUP. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Langacker, Ronald W.
2011Grammaticalization and Cognitive Grammar. In The Oxford Handbook of Grammaticalization, Heiko Narrog & Bernd Heine (eds), 79–91. Oxford: OUP.Google Scholar
Lehmann, Christian
[1982] 2015Thoughts on Grammaticalization, 3rd edn [Classics in Linguistics 1]. Berlin: Language Science Press.Google Scholar
Lenker, Ursula
2000 Soþlice and witodlice: Discourse markers in Old English. In Pathways of Change. Grammaticalization in English [Studies in Language Companion Series 53], Olga Fischer, Anette Rosenbach & Dieter Stein (eds), 229–249. Amsterdam: John Benjamins. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Levinson, Stephen C.
2006Deixis. In: Laurence R. Horn & Gregory L. Ward (eds.), The Handbook of Pragmatics. London: Blackwell, 87–120.. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Maschler, Yael
2009Metalanguage in Interaction: Hebrew Discourse Markers [Pragmatics & Beyond New Series 181]. Amsterdam: John Benjamins. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Matasović, Rolf
2008Patterns of grammaticalization and the layered structure of the clause. In New applications of Role and Reference Grammar: Diachrony, Grammaticalization, Romance Languages, Rolf Kailuweit, Björn Wiemer, Eva Staudinger & Rolf Matasović (eds), 45–57. Newcastle upon Tyne: Cambridge Scholars.Google Scholar
Norde, Muriel
2009Degrammaticalization. Oxford: OUP. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Ocampo, Francisco
2006Movement towards discourse is not grammaticalization: The development of /claro/ from adjective to discourse particle in spoken Spanish. In Selected Proceedings of the 9th Hispanic Linguistics Symposium, Nura Sagarra & Almeida Jacqueline Toribio (eds), 308–319. Somerville MA: Cascadilla Proceedings Project.Google Scholar
Onodera, Noriko Okada
2011The grammaticalization of discourse markers. In The Oxford Handbook of Grammaticalization, Heiko Narrog & Bernd Heine (eds), 611–620. Oxford: OUP.Google Scholar
Prévost, Sophie
2011 A propos from verbal complement to discourse marker: A case of grammaticalization? Linguistics 49(2): 391–413. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Quirk, Randolph, Greenbaum, Sidney, Leech, Geoffrey & Svartvik, Jan
1985A Comprehensive Grammar of the English Language. London: Longman.Google Scholar
Rhee, Seongha
2018Grammaticalization of the plural marker in Korean: From object to text to stance. Journal of Language Sciences 25(4): 221–249. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Rysová, Magdaléna
2017Discourse connectives: From historical origin to presentday development. In New Perspectives on Cohesion and Coherence, Katrin Menzel, Ekaterina Lapshinova-Koltunski & Kerstin Kunz (eds), 11–35. Berlin: Language Science Press. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Schiffrin, Deborah
1987Discourse Markers [Studies in Interactional Sociolinguistics 5]. Cambridge: CUP. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Schneider, Stefan
2007Reduced Parenthetical Clauses as Mitigators: A Corpus Study of Spoken French, Italian and Spanish [Studies in Corpus Linguistics 27]. Amsterdam: John Benjamins. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Schneider, Stefan, Glikman, Julie & Mathieu Avanzi
(eds) 2015Parenthetical Verbs. Berlin: De Gruyter. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Schourup, Lawrence Clifford
1999Discourse markers. Lingua 107: 227–265. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Shibasaki, Reijirou
2018From the inside to the outside of the sentence: Forming a larger discourse unit with jijitsu ‘fact’. In New Trends on Grammaticalization and Language Change [Studies in Language Companion Series 202], Sylvie Hancil, Tine Breban & José Vicente Lozano (eds), 333–360. Amsterdam: John Benjamins. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Tabor, Whitney & Traugott, Elizabeth C.
1998Structural scope expansion and grammaticalization. In The Limits of Grammaticalization [Typological Studies in Language 37], Anna Giacalone Ramat & Paul J. Hopper (eds), 229–272. Amsterdam: John Benjamins. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Thompson, Sandra A. & Mulac, Anthony
1991A quantitative perspective on the grammaticization of epistemic parentheticals in English. In Approaches to Grammaticalization, Vol. 2 [Typological Studies in Language 19], Eliabeth C. Traugott & Bernd Heine (eds), 313–329. Amsterdam: John Benjamins. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Traugott, Elizabeth Closs
1982From propositional to textual and expressive meanings: Some semantic-pragmatic aspects of grammaticalization. In Directions for Historical Linguistics, [Current Issues in Linguistic Theory 24], Winfred P. Lehmann & Yakov Malkiel (eds), 245–271. Amsterdam: John Benjamins. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
1989On the rise of epistemic meanings in English: An example of subjectification in semantic change. Language 65(1): 31–55. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
1995The role of the development of discourse markers in a theory of grammaticalization. Paper presented at the International Conference of Historical Linguistics XII, Manchester 1995.
2015Investigating “periphery” from a functionalist perspective. Linguistics Vanguard 1(1): 119–130. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
2018Modeling language change with constructional networks. In Beyond Grammaticalization and Discourse Markers: New Issues in the Study of Language Change [Studies in Pragmatics 18], Salvador Pons Bordería & Óscar Loureda Lamas (eds), 17–50. Leiden: Brill. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Traugott, Elizabeth Closs & Dasher, Richard B.
2002Regularity in Semantic Change [Cambridge Studies in Linguistics 96]. Cambridge: CUP.Google Scholar
Traugott, Elizabeth Closs and Graeme Trousdale
2013Constructionalization and Constructional Changes. Oxford: OUP. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Urmson, James Opie
1952Parenthetical verbs. Mind (New Series) 61(244): 480–496. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
van Bogaert, Julie
2011 I think and other complement-taking mental predicates: A case of and for constructional grammaticalization. Linguistics 49(2): 295–332. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Waltereit, Richard
2002Imperatives, interruption in conversation and the rise of discourse markers: A study of Italian guarda . Linguistics 40: 987–1010. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
2006The rise of discourse markers in Italian: A specific type of language change. In Approaches to Discourse Markers [Studies in Pragmatics 1], Kerstin Fischer (ed.), 61–76. Amsterdam: Elsevier.Google Scholar
Wiese, Heike
2011 So as an emerging focus marker in German. Linguistics 49(5): 991–1039. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Wischer, Ilse
2000Grammaticalization versus lexicalization: ‘Methinks’ there is some confusion. In Pathways of Change. Grammaticalization in English [Studies in Language Companion Series 53], Olga Fischer, Anette Rosenbach & Dieter Stein (eds), 355–370. Amsterdam: John Benjamins. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Witosz, Bozena
2017Metatext in the discourse of the theory of text, stylistics and pragmalinguistics. Forum Lingwistyczne 4: 107–112.Google Scholar