Chapter published in:Typological Hierarchies in Synchrony and Diachrony
Edited by Sonia Cristofaro and Fernando Zúñiga
[Typological Studies in Language 121] 2018
► pp. 289–308
Are the Tupi-Guarani hierarchical indexing systems really motivated by the person hierarchy?
Tupi-Guarani languages are supposedly perfect examples of hierarchical indexing systems, where the relative ranking of A and P on the 1 > 2 > 3 person hierarchy determines the selection of the person markers. This chapter questions the relevance of the person hierarchy as a synchronic and diachronic explanation for such systems, with data from 28 languages. First, only SAP > 3 can really be posited in the actual languages, and second, it explains only part of the facts that it is supposed to account for in Proto-Tupi-Guarani. The chapter ends by suggesting that these systems do not result from the person hierarchy as a functional motivation. Instead, they may result from grammaticalization of pronominal paradigms lacking third-person forms.
Published online: 26 July 2018
Bickel, Balthasar & Nichols, Johanna
Borges, Mônica Veloso
Cabral, Ana Suelly
Cristofaro, Sonia & Zúñiga, Fernando
2001 Lectures on functional syntax. Class given at the LSA Summer Institute, University of California at Santa Barbara. http://www.uoregon.edu/~delancey/sb/fs.html
n.d. Deixis, topicality and the inverse. Ms.
Gildea, Spike & Zúñiga, Fernando
Haude, Katharina & Witzlack-Makarevich, Alena
Monserrat, Ruth & Soares, Marília Faco
Rodrigues, Aryon & Cabral, Ana Suelly Arruda Câmara
Witzlack-Makarevich, Alena, Zakharko, Taras, Bierkandt, Lennart, Zúñiga, Fernando & Bickel, Balthasar
Cited by other publications
Cristofaro, Sonia & Fernando Zúñiga
This list is based on CrossRef data as of 01 january 2021. Please note that it may not be complete. Sources presented here have been supplied by the respective publishers. Any errors therein should be reported to them.