Chapter published in:Antipassive: Typology, diachrony, and related constructions
Edited by Katarzyna Janic and Alena Witzlack-Makarevich
[Typological Studies in Language 130] 2021
► pp. 621–640
Chapter 19Antipassivization in Basque revisited
In this paper, we explore three phenomena that have been considered to be antipassives in Basque linguistics. First, we briefly review “ergative displacement” (Laka 1988), related to antipassives as mentioned by Heath (1976). This is not a bona fide instance of the antipassive, since the ergative displacement affects only the agreement pattern (the A argument appears indexed as S in finite verb forms) while the case frame and syntactic status of A and P are as in the default transitive construction; besides, there is no demotion or suppression of the P argument. Second, we review two biclausal constructions, namely the ari-progressive (Hualde & Ortiz de Urbina 1987; Laka 2006) and participial clauses (Ortiz de Urbina & Uribe-Etxebarria 1991). Although regarded as antipassives by Postal (1977) and Coyos (2002), respectively, their biclausality, long argued by some Basque linguists, is incompatible with the antipassive, which is monoclausal by definition. Finally, de Rijk (2003) labels as antipassives some intransitive constructions that alternate with transitive ones. This is the closest to true antipassives that can be found in Basque, but these constructions are lexically constrained and idiosyncratic, and unlike canonical antipassives attested in other languages of the world.
Keywords: Basque, antipassive, ergative displacement, ari-progressives, participial clauses, lexically constrained antipassive, voice
- 3.Ergative displacement
- 4.Biclausal constructions
- 4.1 Ari-progressives
- 4.2Participial clauses
- 5.The lexically constrained antipassive
- 5.1The LCA with psych-verbs
- 5.2The LCA with mintzatu and other verba dicendi
- 6.Discussion and concluding remarks
Published online: 23 March 2021
Belletti, Adriana & Rizzi, Luigi
2001 %100 Basque. Zarautz: Susa. http://susa-literatura.eus/liburuak/narr4210 (10 December 2017).
Fernández, Beatriz & Rezac, Milan
Fernández, Beatriz, Zúñiga, Fernando & Berro, Ane
Hopper, Paul & Thompson, Sandra A.
Hualde, José Ignacio
Hualde, José Ignacio & Ortiz de Urbina, Jon
Masullo, Pascual José
Ortiz de Urbina, Jon & Uribe-Etxebarria, Myriam
2013 Antipassive constructions. In The World Atlas of Language Structures Online, Matthew Dryer & Martin Haspelmath (eds), Chapter 108. Leipzig: Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology. http://wals.info/chapter/108 (7 March 2017).
Rezac, Milan & Fernández, Beatriz
de Rijk, Rudolf
2008 Euskararen egungo hiztegia (EEH) / Dictionary of Contemporary Basque (EEH). UPV/EHU. http://www.ehu.eus/eeh/ (12 August 2020).
Sarasola, Ibon, Salaburu, Pello & Landa, Josu
2016 Egungo Testuen Corpusa (ETC) / Corpus of Contemporary Basque (ETC). UPV/EHU. http://www.ehu.eus/etc (12 August 2020).
Trask, Robert L.
Cited by 1 other publications
Janic, Katarzyna & Alena Witzlack-Makarevich
This list is based on CrossRef data as of 27 april 2021. Please note that it may not be complete. Sources presented here have been supplied by the respective publishers. Any errors therein should be reported to them.