Article published in:World Englishes – Problems, Properties and Prospects: Selected papers from the 13th IAWE conference
Edited by Thomas Hoffmann and Lucia Siebers
[Varieties of English Around the World G40] 2009
► pp. 179–206
Not just an “Outer Circle”, “Asian” English
Singapore English and the significance of ecology
Englishes like Singapore English (SingE) are oft-used examples of “Outer Circle” or “Asian” Englishes – categories intended as sociohistorical or regional groupings, but which cannot suggest shared linguistic properties. To discuss structural similarities or differences between Englishes in an empirical way, we must engage with a typological comparison of adstrates in the specific linguistic ecology, not rely on “classification”. Crucially, ecologies are dynamic, and their careful reconstruction is vital for ascertaining specific and potentially different sources of features at different moments in a language’s development, illustrated here with the framework of linguistic eras in SingE’s evolution, focusing on particles. Change across different eras can, moreover, lead to convergence or divergence between different Englishes, regardless of the circles they move in.
Published online: 23 September 2009
Cited by 6 other publications
2016. CarolinBiewer. South Pacific Englishes: A Sociolinguistic and Morphosyntactic Profile of Fiji English, Samoan English and Cook Islands English (Varieties of English around the World G52). Amsterdam, The Netherlands/Philadelphia, Pennsylvania: John Benjamins Publishing. 2015. xvi + 341 pp. Hb (9789027249128) €99.00 / US$149.00.. Journal of Sociolinguistics 20:1 ► pp. 113 ff.
Xing, Frank Z., Danyuan Ho, Diyana Hamzah & Erik Cambria
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