Publication details [#26755]
Hopper, Robert and Kent Drummond. 1993. Back channels revisited: acknowledgement tokens and speakership incipiency. Research on Language and Social Interaction 26 (2) : 157–177.
Article in journal
Replacing the back channel (Yngve, 1970) with an acknowledgment token perspective of turn taking (Jefferson, 1983/1993), this paper examines the effects of three acknowledgment tokens -yeah, mm hm, and uh huh- on speakership incipiency and posttoken turns.