Publication details [#2791]

Downes, William. 1977. The imperative and pragmatics. Journal of Linguistics 13 (1) : 77–97.
Publication type
Article in journal
Publication language
Language as a subject


Account of the syntax, semantics and pragmatics of imperative constructions in English, with special attention for their illocutionary act potential. Three possible linguistic analyses of the imperative are examined: the surface structure analysis, the deep structure analysis and the performative analysis. It is argued that the surface structure analysis is to be preferred.