Publication details [#3496]

Fraser, Bruce and William Nolen. 1981. The association of deference with linguistic form. International Journal of the Sociology of Language 27 : 93–109.
Publication type
Article in journal
Publication language
Language as a subject


The authors distinguish deference from politeness. They report on two experiments involving speakers of Spanish and English in which they employ a paired-comparison methodology to determine both how deference is associated with certain linguistic forms used for requesting as well as the similarity of the associations across the two languages.