Publication details [#5104]

Jacobsson, B. 1979. Modality and the modals of necessity 'must' and 'have to'. English Studies 60 (3) : 296–312.
Publication type
Article in journal
Publication language
Language as a subject


Special attention is paid to the increasing use of 'conclusive must' in negative sentences, the declining use of 'must' and other modals in the main clause of a conditional sentence, the surviving use of past tense 'must' in doubtful cases of 'free indirect speech', and the incipient use of 'have to' in sentences expressing probability.