Publication details [#53349]

Wales, Roger, Howard Nicholas and Hui Min Low. 2010. A sociolinguistic profile of 100 mothers from middle to upper-middle socio-economic backgrounds in Penang-Chinese community: what languages do they speak at home with their children? Journal of Multilingual and Multicultural Development 31 (6) : 569–584.
Publication type
Article in journal
Publication language
Language as a subject
Place, Publisher


This study profiles the multilingual mother-child language use practices of Chinese middle to upper-middle class mothers in Penang (Malaysia), mainly to distinguish the type of language acquisition context met with by the young Penang-Chinese children and to help forecast the language shift pattern occurring in their households.