Publication details [#55006]

Ebsworth, Miriam and Nobuko Kodama. 2011. The pragmatics of refusals in English and Japanese: alternative approaches to negotiation. International Journal of the Sociology of Language 2011 (208) : 95–117.
Publication type
Article in journal
Publication language
Language as a subject
Place, Publisher
De Gruyter


This study explores and compares (the pragmatics of) refusals, negotiated and understood by adult female native speakers of American English and Japanese. For all participants, a fortunate outcome contained a speech act set negotiated via several conversational turns. Americans frequently provided alternative plans and emphasized the importance of honesty whereas Japanese participants often implied refusal, employing postponement.