Publication details [#55069]

Wang, Xiaomei and Siew Ling Chong. 2011. A hierarchical model for language maintenance and language shift: focus on the Malaysian Chinese community. Journal of Multilingual and Multicultural Development 32 (6) : 577–591.
Publication type
Article in journal
Publication language
Language as a subject
Place, Publisher


This paper sets out to exemplify the hierarchy of the factors of population, status, settlement mode, and institutional support in the language maintenance and language shift (LMLS) process across various dialect speaking groups in the Malaysian Chinese (speech) community in Kuala Lumpur. It furthermore presents a hierarchical LMLS model, based on the examination of the retrogression of language proficiency, disruption of intergenerational transmission and decay of language use in public contexts.