Publication details [#55382]

Adelman Reyes, Sharon and Tatyana Kleyn. 2011. Nobody said it would be easy: ethnolinguistic group challenges to bilingual and multicultural education in New York City. International Journal of Bilingual Education and Bilingualism 14 (2) : 207–224.
Publication type
Article in journal
Publication language
Language as a subject
Place, Publisher


This qualitative study explores the defiances to teaching bilingually and multiculturally for Spanish, Haitian Creole, Russian, and Chinese bilingual teachers in New York City. The specific challenges to each ethnolinguistic group are rooted in their transnational histories, cultural ideologies, immigration experiences, and perceptions of US schools.