Publication details [#56918]

Linden, Elisabeth van der and Folkert Kuiken. 2013. Language policy and language education in the Netherlands and Romania. Dutch Journal of Applied Linguistics 2 (2) : 205–223.
Publication type
Article in journal
Publication language
Place, Publisher
John Benjamins
Journal DOI


The European Union encourages all its citizens to be able to speak two languages in addition to their mother tongue. However, since the content of educational systems is the responsibility of individual member states, promoting multilingualism depends on the language policy of each member state. Still, countries may learn from practices and experiences in other countries. The similarities and differences between two case studies may be instructive from that point of view. In this paper, language policy and language education in two EU member states are compared with each other: the Netherlands on the one hand and Romania on the other. Questions that will be raised are: what are the linguistic rights of the minority groups, which languages are taught to whom, and to which degree is multilingualism an issue in both countries? Despite differences between the two countries, some striking similarities are observed.