Publication details [#57624]

Lamb, Martin. 2013. ‘Your mum and dad can't teach you!’: constraints on agency among rural learners of English in the developing world. Journal of Multilingual and Multicultural Development 34 (1) : 14–29.
Publication type
Article in journal
Publication language
Language as a subject
Place, Publisher


This article concentrates on one element of L2 English learner agency (motivation) in a small group of young adolescents in rural Indonesia, and how it is shaped by contextual constraints (restricted parental support) and affordances. It is argued that distributing mobile technologies may help ameliorate future outcomes.