Publication details [#57779]

King, Jim. 2013. Silence in the Second Language Classrooms of Japanese Universities. Applied Linguistics 34 (3) : 325–343.
Publication type
Article in journal
Publication language
Language as a subject
Place, Publisher
Oxford University Press


This study employs structured observation methods to explore the degree of macrolevel silence within Japanese universities' English as a second language classrooms. More than a fifth of all observed class time featured no oral participation by any participants, staff or students alike. This is explained from a dynamic systems theory viewpoint, which indicates that silence appears via multifarious routes and has now constituted a semi-permanent attractor condition within the examined classrooms.