Publication details [#57825]

Bourhis, Richard, Karen Phalet, Loes Meeussen, Joke Meeus, Kaat Van Acker and Annie Montreuil. 2013. “They are all the same”: Low perceived typicality and outgroup disapproval as buffers of intergroup threat in mass media. International Journal of Intercultural Relations 37 (2) : 146–158.
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Three studies explore whether the observed typicality of a menacing outgroup actor in media messages modifies threat effects on attitudes towards the whole outgroup; and whether outgroup (dis)approbation of the actor affects observed typicality. Outgroup disapprobation appears to protect against menacing effects of negative outgroup conduct in mass media on outgroup attitudes via the lowering of observed typicality.