Publication details [#61680]

Bolander, Brook. 2016. English and the transnational Ismaili Muslim community: Identity, the Aga Khan, and infrastructure. Language in Society 45 (4) : 583–604.
Publication type
Article in journal
Publication language
Language as a subject
Place, Publisher
Cambridge University Press


English was officially adopted by the transnational Ismaili Muslim community under the British Raj and eagerly promoted by their spiritual leader, the Aga Khan IV. It is explored what English means to Ismailis inhabiting Hunza (Northern Pakistan) and Khorog city (Eastern Tajikistan). Identity and infrastructure appear interwoven, and it is debated how this link affects studies on English and Islam, and language and transnationalism.