Publication details [#61758]

Matsui, Tomoko, Peter McCagg, Taeko Yamamoto and Yui Miura. 2016. Young children's early sensitivity to linguistic indications of speaker certainty in their selective word learning. Lingua 175,176 : 83–96.
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3- and 4 year-olds succeed in defining speaker certainty and personal familiarity (PF) indicators to value speaker trustiness. When opposed to PF, children's certain speaker impression was altered in 5-year-olds yet not in 3 year-olds. This age group contrast indicates that epistemic vigilance covers a set of varied elements, with distinct developmental timelines.